General Hurricane References


Selected Bibliography on Hurricanes
  • Adams, W. L., and H.A. Friedman, 1986: Hurricane Field Program Plan, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory Hurricane Research Division, Miami, Florida.

  • Alexander, D., 1993: Natural Disasters. Chapman and Hall, New York.

  • AMS (American Meteorological Society), 1977: Technical Conference on Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology of the American Meteorological Society. Conference papers from the Eleventh Technical Conference on hurricanes and tropical meteorology, December 13-16, 1977. The Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

  • Baker, E. J., 1979: Geographical variations in hurricane risk and legislative response (in terms of land and water use regulatory programs). Coastal Zone Management Journal, 5, 263-83.

  • Barnes, J., 1998: North Carolina's Hurricane History. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, NC.

  • Berke, P. R., 1989: Hurricane vertical shelter policy: The experience of two states. Coastal Management, 17, 193-217.

  • Berke, P., 1983: Coastal zone management from an administrative perspective: A case study of Texas. American Review of Public Administration, 16, 273.

  • Black, P.G., and R.M. Wakimoto, 1994: Damage survey of Hurricane Andrew and its relation to the eyewall. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 75, 189-200.

  • Brinkman, W.A., 1975: Hurricane hazard in the United States: A Research Assessment. Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO.

  • Brown, B.W., and W.R. Brown, 1972: Historical Catastrophes: Hurricanes and Tornadoes. Addison-Wesley Publishing, Reading, Massachusetts.

  • BTFFDR (Bipartisan Task Force on Funding Disaster Relief), 1995: Federal Disaster Assistance: Report of the Senate Task Force on Funding Disaster Relief, 104-4. GPO, Washington, D.C.

  • Burby, R.J., and L.C. Dalton, 1994: Plans can matter! The role of land use plans and state planning mandates on limiting the development of hazardous areas. Public Administration Review, 54, 229-237.

  • Burton, I., R.W. Kates, and G.F. White, 1993: The Environment as Hazard. Second edition, Guilford Press, New York.

  • Burton, I., and R. Kates, 1964: The perception of natural hazards in resource management. Natural Resources Journal, 3.

  • Caribbean Hurricane Seminar, 1956: Final Report to the Caribbean Hurricane Seminar. Held at Ciudad Trujillo, D.N., Dominican Republic, the United Nations Technical Assistance Administration and the World Meteorological Organization. Ciudad Trujillo, Government of the Dominican Republic with the cooperation of the UNTAA and the WMO.

  • Chang, S., 1983: Disasters and fiscal policy: Hurricane impact on municipal revenue, Urban Affairs Quarterly, 18M, 511-23.

  • Cobb, R., 1996: Nine-one-one: Three little words, three big issues. American City and Country, 111, 48+.

  • Coch, N.K., and M.P. Wolff, 1990: Probable effects of a storm like Hurricane Hugo on Long Island, New York. Northeastern Environ. Sci., 9, 33-47.

  • Cochran, L., and M. Levitan, 1994: Lessons from Hurricane Andrew. Architect Sci. Rev., 37, 115-121.

  • Coletti, R.J., 1992: Swift recovery, stronger economy. Florida Trend, 35, 32-35.

  • Cook, R. R., and M. Soltani, 1994: Hurricanes of 1992: Lessons Learned and Implications for the Future. Proceedings of a symposium organized by the American Society of Engineers, Dec. 1-3, 1993, Hyatt Regency Miami City Center at Riverwalk. New York, ASCE.

  • Crown, L.R., 1984: Hurricane Survival Guide. Lera Publishing, Naples, Florida.

  • DeMaria, M., 1995: A history of hurricane forecasting for the Atlantic Basin, 1920 - 1995. In: Meteorology since 1919: Essays Commemorating the Seventy-Fifth Anniversary of the American Meteorological Society. American Meteorological Society, Boston, MA.

  • Diaz, H. F., and R.S. Pulwarty, 1997: Hurricanes: Climate and Socioeconomic Impacts. Springer-Verlag, New York.

  • Doehring, F., I.W. Duedall, and J.M. Williams, 1994: Florida Hurricane and Tropical Storms, 1871 - 1993: An Historical Survey. Florida Sea Grant College Program TP - 71. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

  • Drabek, T., 1986: Human System Responses to Disaster. Springer - Verlag, New York.

  • FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency), 1984: Perspectives on Hurricane Preparedness. October.

  • FDCA (Florida Department of Community Affairs), 1992: Hurricane Andrew: Recommendations for Building Codes and Building Code Enforcement. Final Report prepared by Ronald A. Cook, University of Florida, DCA Contract No. 93 RD-66-13-00-22-001.

  • Florida Division of Emergency Management, 1987: Report of the Hurricane Preparedness Task Force. Tallahassee.

  • Florida House Committee on Community Affairs, 1985: Is Florida Prepared for a Major Hurricane? Tallahassee.

  • Frank, R.A., 1983: Living with coastal storms: seeking an accommodation. IN Baker, Earl J., Hurricanes and Coastal Storms: Awareness, Evacuation, and Mitigation. Gainesville, FL., Florida Sea Grant College, April 1980, p.4-10 (Report No.33) M.G.A., 34, 5-118.

  • Friedman, H.A., and C.A. Arnhols, 1991: Hurricane Field Program Plan, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory Hurricane Research Division, Miami, Florida.

  • GAO (General Accounting Office), 1993: Disaster Management: Improving the Nation's Response to Catastrophic Disasters. GAO/RCED-93-186. General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.

  • Grange, D. L., and R.L. Johnson, 1997: Forgotten mission: military response to the nation. Joint Force Quarterly, 108-15.

  • Gray, W.M., and C.W. Landsea, 1992: African rainfall as a precursor of hurricane-related destruction on the U.S. East Coast. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 73, 1352-1364.

  • Harris, D.L., 1963: Characteristics of the Hurricane Storm Surge. Technical paper number 48: U.S. Department of Commerce, Weather Bureau, Washington, DC.

  • Hebert, P.J., J.D. Jarrell, and M. Mayfield, 1996: The Deadliest, Costliest, and Most Intense United States Hurricanes in this Century (and other frequently requested hurricane facts). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Technical Memorandum. NWS TPC -1, National Weather Service, National Hurricane Center, Miami, FL.

  • Ho, F.P., 1989: Extreme Hurricanes in the Nineteenth Century. NOAA Technical Memorandum NWS HYDRO 43A, Silver Spring, MD, 134 pp.

  • Hull, A.R., 1977: Reexamination of Hurricane Camille. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 28, 11.

  • IIPLR (IRC) (Insurance Institute for Property Loss Reduction and Insurance Resources Council), 1995: Coastal Exposure and Community Protection: Hurricane Andrew's Legacy. Boston, MA.

  • Jarrell, J.D., P.J. Hebert, and M. Mayfield, 1992: Hurricane Experience Levels of Coastal County Populations from Texas to Maine. NOAA Technical Memorandum NWS NHC - 46 (August). NHC, Coral Gables, FL.

  • Landsea, C.W., 1996: Frequently asked questions report. Available at

  • Landsea, C.W., N. Nicholls, W. M. Gray and L.A. Avila, 1996: Quiet early 1990s continues trend of fewer intense Atlantic hurricanes. Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 1697-1700.

  • Ludlam, D. M., 1963: Early American Hurricanes: 1492-1870. American Meteorological Society, Boston, MA, 198 pp.

  • Manning, B. R., 1993: Code enforcement decisions have never been tougher; where does the responsibility lie? Public Management, 75, 4-8.

  • McCarthy, J., 1956: Hurricane! American Heritage Press, New York.

  • Michelsen, M., 1993: Although GIS cannot prevent manmade disasters from occurring, a number of governments are discovering it is a valuable tool when it comes to the aftermath of rescue and recovery. American City and Country, 108, 34-6.

  • Moss, B., 1989: A post-Hugo evaluation. Public Management, 71.

  • Mulady, J.J., 1994: Building codes: They're not just hot air. National Hazards Observer, 18(3), 4-5.

  • Nelson, L. H., 1996: When disaster strikes: States need not wait helplessly for the next flood, earthquake or hurricane; preparation is possible even effective. State Legislatures, 22, 28-9.

  • Neumann, C.J., B.R. Jarvinen, C.J. McAdie and J.D. Elms, 1993: Tropical Cyclones of the North Atlantic Ocean, 1871-1992. Fourth Revision, NOAA Historical Climatology Series 6-2, Prepared by the National Climatic Data Center, Ashville, NC in cooperation with the National Hurricane Center, Coral Gables, FL, 193 pp.

  • NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration), 1993: "Hurricane!" A Familiarization Booklet. NOAA PA 91001. NWS, Silver Springs, MD, 36 pp.

  • Osborn Jr., C.E., 1970: The Disaster Culture Concept: a Study of Elements Which Comprise the Notion of a Separate Culture Which is Unique to Hurricane-Prone Areas. Unpublished M.A. thesis, Mississippi State University.

  • Palm, R., 1990: Natural Hazards: An Integrative Framework for Research and Planning. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD.

  • Parker, J., 1994: Building codes: The failure of public policy to institutionalize good practice. Environmental and Urban Issues, 21, 21-6.

  • Petak, W. J. and A. Atkisson, 1982: Natural Hazard Risk Assessment and Public Policy: Anticipating the Unexpected. Springer-Verlag. Louisiana State University Press.

  • Pielke Jr., R.A., 1997: Reframing the U.S. hurricane problem. Soc. Natural Resources, 10(5), 485-499.

  • Pielke Jr., R.A., 1995: Hurricane Andrew in South Florida: Mesoscale Weather and Societal Responses. National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO.

  • Pielke Jr., R.A., 1990: The Hurricane. Routledge, New York.

  • Pielke Jr., R.A., and C.W. Landsea, 1998: Normalized hurricane damages in the United States: 1925-1995. Bulletin American Meteorological Society, 13, 621-631.

  • Pielke Jr., R.A., and R.A. Pielke Sr., 1997: Hurricanes: Their Nature and Impacts on Society. John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY.

  • Platt, R, 1987: Cities on the Beach: Management Issues of Developed Coastal Barriers. The University of Chicago, Department of Geography, Research Paper No. 224.

  • Rappaport, E.N. and J. Fernandez-Partagas, 1995: The Deadliest Atlantic Tropical Cyclones, 1492-1994. NOAA/NWS Technical Memorandum NWS NHC-47 (January). Coral Gables, FL, 41 pp.

  • Sanders, 1985: Weather is Front Page News. Icarus Press, South Bend, Indiana.

  • Savage, R.P., 1983: Hurricane Alicia, Galveston and Houston, Texas, August 17-18 1983. Compiled by the National Resource Council.

  • Schneider, S. K., 1992: Governmental response to disasters: The conflict between bureaucratic procedures and emergent norms. Public Administration Review, 52, 2, 135-45.

  • Schrader, J.Y., 1993: The Army's Role in Domestic Disaster Support: An Assessment of Policy Choices. Arroyo Center, Rand Corporation project.

  • Sheets, R., 1990: The National Hurricane Center Past, present, and future. Wea. Forecasting, 5, 185-232.

  • Sheets, R., 1985: The national weather service hurricane probability program. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 66, 1.

  • Shook, M., and D. Steger, 1989: How to handle a disaster: A study in teamwork. Public Management, 71, 10-14.

  • Simpson, R.H. and H. Riehl, 1981: The Hurricane and Its Impact. Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge, 398 pp.

  • Solomon, J., 1996: Flirting with disaster: Calamities like Hurricane Fran make great footage, but they don't make smart relief policy. Washington Monthly, 28, 9-11.

  • Sorensen, J.H. and D.S. Mileti, 1988: Warning and evacuation: Answering some basic questions. Indus. Case Quarterly, 5, 33-61.

  • Souza, D.M., 1996: Hurricanes. Carolrhoda Books, Inc. Minneapolis, MN.

  • Sullivan, C.L., 1986: Hurricanes of the Mississippi Gulf Coast -- 1717 to Present. Gulf Publishing Company, Inc. 139 pp.

  • Texas Coastal and Marine Council, 1976: Model Minimum Resistance Building Standards for the Texas Gulf Coast. General Land Office, Austin, TX.

  • U.S. Department of Commerce, 1978: Proposals for a national policy and program. Management of Weather Resources, 1, 99-120.

  • Various articles within the Third Conference Meteorology of the Coastal Zone, American Meteorological Society, January 9-13, 1984, Miami, Florida. (Sections C5, JC8, JC9).

  • Walker, B., 1984: Technology takes on a hurricane. Insurance Review, 28-34.

  • Waugh, W.L., 1990: Handbook of Emergency Management: Programs and Policies Dealing with Major Hazards and Disasters. Greenwood Press.

  • Williams, H.B., 1964: Human factors in warning-and-response systems. In The Threat of Impending Disaster (G.H. Grosser, ed.) MIT Press, Cambridge, MA. 79-104.

  • Willoughby, H.E. and P.G. Black, 1996: Hurricane Andrew in Florida: Dynamics of a disaster. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 77, 543-549.

  • Withey, S.B., 1962: Reaction to uncertain threat. In Man and Society in Disaster (G.W. Baker and D.W. Chapman). Basic Books, New York, NY. 93-123.

  • WMO (World Meteorological Organization), 1993: Global Guide to Tropical Cyclone Forecasting. WMO/TD - NO. 560, Report No. TCP - 31, G. Holland, Ed. Geneva: Secretariat of the World Meteorological Organization.

  • WMO (World Meteorological Organization), Regional Association IV, 1985: Hurricane Operational Plan / Regional Association IV (North and Central America). Geneva: Secretariat of the World Meteorological Organization.

  • Zevin, S. F., 1994: Steps toward an integrated approach to hydrometeorological forecasting services. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 75, 7, 1267-1276.



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