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Workshop Participants

Marilyn Averill
Marilyn Averill is a doctoral student in Political Science at the University of Colorado and holds Master’s degrees in Public Administration (Kennedy School of Government) and Educational Research (University of Colorado). Her current interests focus on international environmental governance, the politics of science, and science and technology policy. She has served as a teaching fellow for courses in “Environmental Politics,” “Mitigation of Climate Change,” and “Thinking about Thinking” at Harvard University, but still is rarely able to type the word “environemtnal” correctly. She worked for eight years as an attorney with the Office of the Solicitor at the U.S. Department of the Interior providing legal advice on natural resources and environmental issues to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Park Service.

Michele Betsill
Michele Betsill is an assistant professor of political science at Colorado State University and an affiliate scientist with the Environmental and Societal Impacts Group at the National Center for Atmospheric Research. Her research focuses on issues related to the governance of global climate change. She is co-author (with Harriet Bulkeley, University of Durham) of Cities and Climate Change: Urban Sustainability and Global Environmental Governance (Routledge, 2003).

Joel Brown
Joel Brown is an arid rangeland ecologist with the Soil Survey office of USDA NRCS. He works at the Jornada Experimental Range in Las Cruces NM. He has spent the last five years as leader for NRCS global change activities. Prior to this position, Joel worked as a Senior Principal Research Scientist and Project Leader for CSIRO Tropical Agriculture (now Sustainable Ecosystems) for 6 years. He has also worked as a State Rangeland Specialist in California, an Area Rangeland Specialist and field conservationist in Kansas. Joel has a BS in Agriculture/Botany from Fort Hays State University in Kansas, an MS and PhD in Rangeland Ecology from Texas A&M University. He was raised on a cattle operation in southern Oklahoma.

Radford Byerly, Jr.
Phi Beta Kappa at Williams College. PhD in Physics at Rice University in experimental atomic and molecular physics, 1967. After a postdoctoral fellowship at JILA, Byerly moved to science management and policy at the National Institute of Standards and Technology. His work included environmental measurement and fire research. He joined the staff of the U.S. House of Reps. Committee on Science and Technology in 1975 with responsibility for environmental research programs (e.g., climate research, stratospheric ozone). In 1980 he took up space science and applications programs, and became staff director of the Space subcommittee in 1985. In 1987 Byerly joined the University of Colorado to build a space policy research program as director of its Center for Space and Geosciences Policy. Rep. George Brown, (D-CA), new chair of the House Science and Technology Committee, appointed him Committee chief of staff in 1991. He was responsible for all operations of the Committee from staff and budget to policydevelopment and the development and passage of legislation. Byerly retired in 1993, and now writes on science policy and serves on various committees dealing with science policy (e.g., Bd of Directors, Associated Univ’s for Research in Astronomy; NRC Space Studies Board). In 2001 AAAS elected him a Fellow. Currently at the Center for Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Colorado, Boulder.

Maria Carmen Lemos
Maria Carmen Lemos is an Assistant Professor in the School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan. She is also a Senior Policy Scholar with the Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy at the University of Arizona. Dr. Lemos has a MSc and PhD in Political Science from MIT and teaches graduate seminars on development, Brazil, and environmental policymaking in Latin America besides an undergraduate course on Global Change. She has carried out research on the human dimensions of environmental change in Brazil, Mexico and Chile. She was the Principle Investigator on an interdisciplinary project on the socioeconomic and political implications of the use of El Niño forecasting in planning in Northeast Brazil (funded by NOAA). She is also the PI of a research project funded by NSF to study the use of scientific knowledge in water management in three watersheds in Brazil. Her research focuses on the co-production of science and policy, the role of technocrats as decisionmakers, popular participation in urban environmental policymaking and policymaker/client interactions.

Rich Conant
Rich Conant is an ecosystem ecologist at the Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory at Colorado State University. Rich understands the huge impacts that land use and management have on global carbon and nutrient cycles and his professional goal is to contribute information that enables policy makers to make wise decisions with respect to global biogeochemistry. His research projects span a variety of subjects ranging from physiochemical mechanisms that stabilize C in soil microsites to developing remote sensing tools to detect land management activity in croplands and grasslands.

Rachael Craig
Rachael Craig is program director at the National Science Foundation for Carbon Cycle and Biogeosciences. She manages the Integrated Carbon Cycle Research Program and the Biogeosciences program. Both of these are programs that span the Directorate for Geosciences. She also is team leader for the Biocomplexity program Coupled Biogeochemical Cycles which is an NSF-wide program involving multiple directorates. In her role as ICCR director Rachael serves as the NSF representative to the Carbon Cycle Interagency Working Group which acts to coordinate the research of multiple federal agencies in carbon cycle research. She also serves as team member for the NSF programs in Environmental Molecular Science Institutes, Ecology of Infectious Diseases, BE Dynamics of Coupled Natural and Human Systems and, in Water Cycle.

Lisa Dilling
Lisa is a biological oceanographer by training (Ph.D. 1997, University of California, Santa Barbara), and has wide-ranging interests in the area of carbon cycle and climate science. She has studied the carbon cycle in the ocean, as well as the implications of carbon cycle science for policy formulation. Lisa accepted a Knauss Sea Grant Fellowship to learn about climate policy directly in Washington, DC, and became interested in the application of research science results to better benefit society. She served for 5 years in the Office of Global Programs at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, where she directed carbon cycle science programs in the NOAA Climate and Global Change Program. While working at the national level, Lisa became increasingly interested to finding ways to bridge the science-society interface, or working to improve the connection of scientific research to societal needs. This interest brought her to the Environmental and Societal Impacts Group at the National Center for Atmospheric Research where she is now back on the research side of the issue, and working on application of carbon cycle science to policy issues in climate change. Lisa will be spending the next two years as a Visiting Fellow of the Center for Science and Technology Policy, where she will work on the supply and demand for carbon cycle information, the State of the Carbon Cycle Report for the Climate Change Science Program, and other projects at this interface.

Lewis Grant
Presently, Lewis is Senior Advisor with Grant Family Farms, a family organic vegetable farm in northern Colorado, and is Emeritus Professor, Dept. of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University. He has managed a farm operation that increased in size from l00 acres in the early 1960's to about 2500 acres in 2002. The present farm has practiced what is now considered "Sustainable Agriculture" from the early 1970's, with many fields farmed as what is now considered as “organic”. By 1987 all fields were being farmed as organic. In the early 1980's when his son, Andy graduated from Colorado State University and Lewis took transitional retirement from C.S.U., there was a conversion from mostly alfalfa and grain crops to vegetable production. Grant Family Farms ships organic vegetables to all sections of the U. S. as well as Japan, Mexico and Canada. His teaching and research at Colorado State were related to water resources, agrometeorolgy, cloud physics, and weather modification. He is the author or co-author of over 100 publication and/or scientific conference papers. He has served as a member of the National Science Foundation Advisory Committee for Atmosphere Science, as the trustee from the university sector for the Weather Modification Association, as the university representative and president of the Consortium for Atmospheric Resource Development, as a board member of the Organic Farming Research Foundation, and as a member of the Larimer County Agricultural Advisory Board. He has served as a consultant to the Colorado legislature on weather and climate issues.

Robert C. Harriss
Robert Harriss is Director of the Environmental and Societal Impacts Group (ESIG) at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colorado. Harriss leads three current research projects that focus on – (1) urban futures and global change, (2) designing low carbon futures, and (3) designing of computer-aided decision support and scenario tools for emergency management and land stewardship applications. Prior to joining NCAR in 1999, Harriss was a Professor and holder of the Wiley Chair in Civil Engineering at Texas A&M University. He also initiated and directed the Sustainable Enterprise Institute aimed at finding systemic solutions to natural resource and organizational management problems. Harriss served 13 years as a NASA Senior Scientist at the Langley Research Center and as Science Director for the Office of Mission to Planet Earth at NASA Headquarters. He has also held faculty and research positions with the University of New Hampshire, Florida State University, Harvard University, and the United Nations Environment Program. Honors and awards received include the NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Award (1985), Election as a Fellow of the AAAS (1988), U.S. Senior Executive Service (1994-1997), and the NASA Outstanding Leadership Medal (1997). Harriss received his Ph.D. in Geology from Rice University in 1965.

Evan Hughes
Evan E. Hughes, Ph.D., is a biomass energy consultant in Menlo Park, California. He was manager of the biomass research program at EPRI (Electric Power Research Institute) 1990-2003. He led the RDF (refuse-derived-fuel) and MSW (municipal solid waste) evaluations at EPRI, 1988-1992, and was a project manager on geothermal power at EPRI 1978-1994. As a project manager for over 24 years at EPRI in renewable energy research and development he managed and performed research in geothermal energy, biomass energy and greenhouse gas reduction via all renewable energy technologies.

Michael Jawson
Dr. Jawson has been involved in research at the agricultural/environment interface for more than 30 years. Current position (since 1996) is National Program Leader, for USDA ARS (Agricultural Research Service). In that capacity he serves as a member of ARS= Global Change National Program. In particular, he is involved with issues related to the carbon cycle and carbon sequestration in agricultural systems. He is also a co-leader of the “Soil Resource Management”, “Manure and Byproduct Utilization” and “Integrated Agricultural Systems” National Programs and also participates actively in water quality and other natural resource management issues. He manages research projects, particularly by assuring their relevancy to national priorities and stakeholder issues, at more than 40 ARS locations throughout the US. He has previously worked for the US EPA as a research environmental scientist and Branch Chief and as an Assistant/Associate Professor of Soil Science at the University of Nebraska - Lincoln. Dr. Jawson’s goal is to develop sustainable agriculture systems in harmony with the environment.

Anthony King
Dr. Anthony W. King is an ecosystem ecologists and modeler in the Environmental Sciences Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN. Dr. King has been with the Division since receiving his Ph.D. in ecology from the University of Tennessee in 1986. With a focus on large-scale ecological processes and understanding terrestrial ecosystems as part of the global Earth system, Dr. King’s research experience includes ecosystem modeling, global carbon cycle modeling, land-use change, issues of scale and system organization, including the translation of models across spatial scale and levels of system organization, and error and uncertainty analysis of ecological models. Dr King is currently co-leader with Drs. Lisa Dilling and Eric Sundquist of the first State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR), one of the synthesis and assessment products (SAR 2.2) called for by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program (CCSP) Strategic Plan. The SOCCR is designed to synthesize and integrate current knowledge of the North American carbon budget and its role within the global carbon cycle, and to provide this information in a form useful for decision support and policy formulation concerning the carbon cycle.

Myanna Lahsen
Myanna Lahsen grew up in Denmark, France, and the United States. She obtained her PhD in Cultural Anthropology from Rice University in 1998, after which time she has been a postdoctoral fellow at the National Center for Atmospheric Research and at Harvard University. The last two years, she has been living and doing research in Brazil while affiliated as Research Scientist with the Center for Science and Technology Policy Research at the University of Colorado. Her research on environmental science and global environmental politics is nested at the intersection of anthropology, sociology, international relations, and science and technology studies. Areas of specialty are the United States and Brazil. Her U.S. research involved ethnographic study among climate scientists and analyzed socio-cultural and political dimensions of the production and contestation of climate science informing international environmental negotiations. Her present NSF-funded research in Brazil examines the functions of science in geopolitics, and vice versa, attending to power and development issues associated with the Large-Scale Biosphere Atmosphere experiment, an international environmental science project focused on the Amazon.

Nathaniel Logar
Nat Logar is a Ph.D. student in environmental policy and a fellow in the NSF Integrated Graduate Education and Research Traineeship Program. He graduated from Brown University in 2000, where he researched post-glacial climate change and graduated with a Sc.B. in Geology-Biology. In the two years between Brown and CU, Nat performed remote sensing research on thermal water pollution in New England, guided tours in Glacier National Park, worked at he U.S. Geological Survey as a research assistant, and toiled as a field chemist in Boston, Massachusetts. Nat's research interests include climate change mitigation and adaptation policy; and the policy issues surrounding genetic manipulation of fish in aquaculture.

Eva Lövbrand
Eva Lövbrand is a graduate student in environmental science at Kalmar University in the south-eastern part of Sweden. She has an undergraduate degree in political science but for the last three years she has engaged in trans-disciplinary environmental issues at a natural science department. Her research focuses on the interplay between science and politics on carbon sinks in the international climate negotiations. She is particularly interested in the role science advice has played in the political framing and management of uncertain research results, and the cultural and political forces that give scientific representations of terrestrial carbon uptake credibility and meaning in the negotiation context.

Genevieve Maricle
Genevieve Maricle is a graduate student in Environmental Studies at the University of Colorado at Boulder studying Atmospheric Science and Environmental Policy. Genevieve is also a fellow in the NSF Integrated Graduate Education and Research Traineeship Program. Her research focuses on climate services and the transfer of technology from climate research to useful weather and climate products for both decision-makers and climate-sensitive end users. She graduated from Northwestern University with a BA degree in both Mathematics and Environmental Science. Her undergraduate studies were primarily in the sciences but she maintained a keen awareness and interest in the political implications of her work. She became extremely interested in studying problems that transcend traditional disciplinary boundaries as she began to see a disconnect between the scientific and political worlds. This is what drew her to the University of Colorado.

Elizabeth McNie
Elizabeth McNie is a Ph.D. student in the Environmental Studies Program at the University of Colorado, Boulder and holds a Master of Arts degree in Psychology-Organization Development from Sonoma State University in California. She is also a Fellow in the NSF – Integrated Graduate Education and Research Traineeship Program examining carbon cycle science, climate change and society. Elizabeth’s research interests include institutional design, group dynamics and decision making processes in ‘boundary organizations’ and other organizations that enhance the linkages between scientists and decision makers. Other interests include ocean-related policy, interdisciplinary education, and the policy implications of the September 11, 2001 terror attacks. Elizabeth is also a licensed U.S. Merchant Marine Officer.

David Miller
David Miller is director of commodity services for the Iowa Farm Bureau Federation. In that position, he coordinates commodity services by overseeing the BIC Cattle program, providing economic analysis of agricultural issues, providing staff support to the commodity advisory committees of the Federation and acting as liaison for the Federation with state and national commodity organizations.

Shali Mohleji
Shali is a first year doctoral student interested in connecting the atmospheric sciences and policy fields together. Her background is in atmospheric sciences academically, and related to policy from her work experience. Shali received her Bachelor's Degree from the University of Virginia in Environmental Sciences with a concentration in Atmospheric Sciences. She then went on to Purdue University for her Master's Degree in Atmospheric Sciences. After her M.S., she worked for an environmental consulting firm dealing mostly with air pollution and air quality in the Midwest. Shali also worked on ISO 14001 and environmental management projects. The combination of these different types of projects sparked her interest in corporate environmental ventures as well as policy issues.

Siân Mooney
Siân Mooney is an Assistant Professor in the Dept. Agricultural and Applied Economics, University of Wyoming. Her professional interests are in the areas of contract and policy design for carbon sequestration and the representation of uncertainty in integrated assessment modeling among other areas. She serves as a member of the Wyoming Governors Carbon Sequestration Advisory Committee and the Ruckelshaus Institute Energy Planning Group.

Erik Noble
Erik is a second year graduate student of science policy in the Environmental Studies Graduate Department at the University of Colorado, Boulder. His interests lie in meteorology and policy. He is also a research assistant at the Center for Science Technology and Policy where he examines the reliability of weather data and those who use it. Also, he is pursuing a certificate in science and technology policy and intends to pursue a career in the interface of atmospheric science and policy. During his undergraduate experience at The Pennsylvania State University, he participated in a research opportunity at the National Center of Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, CO, for three consecutive summers. Through this internship, the Significant Opportunities in Atmospheric Research and Science (SOARS), he became familiar with the extensive use of global climate models and how scientists depend upon these tools to shape climate policy for the coming years. Upon receiving his Bachelor of Science in Meteorology in 2002, he then worked for WAFF TV in Huntsville, AL, as a part-time broadcast meteorologist for several months.

Dennis Ojima
Dr. Dennis Ojima is a senior research scientist at the Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory (NREL) and an Assistant Professor in the Rangeland Ecosystem Science Department, at Colorado State University. Dr. Ojima’s research activities address ecological issues related to global and regional land use and climate changes on ecosystem dynamics; studies of the interaction between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere; the impact of changes in land management on trace gas exchange; and the development of a global ecosystem model. Specifically his research is aimed at developing a better understanding of factors affecting ecological integrity and sustainable resource use. His research is funded by NASA, NSF, DOE, USGS, and other national and international organizations. An example of his current project includes the NSF on Integrated Research Challenges grant for the development of a national scale terrestrial carbon model which integrates aspects of plant physiology, community ecology, biogeochemisty, and atmospheric sciences. Dr. Ojima also extends his research to the far reaches of Mongolia and China. The research in the Mongolian steppe focuses on the intricate linkage between the Mongolian people and their environmental system related to changes in recent social, economic, and political conditions affecting grazing systems in the Mongolian region.

Carolyn Olsen
Carolyn Olsen is a research scientist, and a national leader of soil survey investigations with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resource Conservation Service. She is the Administrative Head of research staff and member of the leadership team for the National Soil Survey Center. Her research involves conducting soil-geomorphic and water related studies on a national basis. Carolyn has worked for the USDA for over 20 years and held positions including Lead Research Scientist, Supervisory Research Soil Scientist, Field Investigations Staff Leader, and Research Hydrologist. She has published over 100 abstracts, journal articles, book chapters, and technical publications. Carolyn received a PhD from Indiana University in Geology and a Master in Public Administration from the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.

Keith Paustian
Keith Paustian is Professor of Soil Ecology, Dept. of Soil and Crop Sciences and Senior Research Scientist, Natural Resources Ecology Laboratory (NREL), Colorado State University, Fort Collins. His main fields of interest include agroecosystem ecology, soil organic matter dynamics and global change. Recent and ongoing work includes basic studies on soil organic matter dynamics in managed lands as well as several model-based studies of soil C sequestration and greenhouse gas mitigation in agriculture. These efforts include development of the US national inventory for soil C emissions and sinks (administered by EPA and USDA), the 1605B voluntary reporting system for agricultural greenhouse gas emissions (administered by DOE) and development of improved soil C monitoring and inventory methods in 11 countries in Latin America, Africa and Asia (sponsored by UNDP and USAID). He has served on several Inter Governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) workgroups for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, Good Practice Guidance, and Climate Change Assessments. He co-chaired a recent CAST taskforce on “Agricultural Mitigation of Greenhouse Gases: Science and Policy Options”.

Roger A. Pielke, Jr.
Roger A. Pielke, Jr. has been on the faculty of the University of Colorado since 2001 and is a Professor in the Environmental Studies Program and a Fellow of the Cooperative Institute for Research in the Environmental Sciences (CIRES). At CIRES Roger serves as the Director of the Center for Science and Technology Policy Research. Roger's current areas of interest include understanding the relations of science and politics, technology policy in the atmospheric and related sciences, use and value of prediction in decision making, and policy education for scientists. He serves on the Advisory Panel of the NSF Program on Societal Dimensions of Engineering, Science and Technology and the Science Steering Committee of the World Meteorological Organization's World Weather Research Programme, among other advisory committees. In 2000, Roger received the Sigma Xi Distinguished Lectureship Award and in 2001, he received the Outstanding Graduate Advisor Award by students in the University of Colorado's Department of Political Science. Before joining the University of Colorado, from 1993-2001 Roger was a Scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research. Roger sits on the editorial boards of Policy Sciences, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, and Natural Hazards Review. He is author of numerous articles and essays and is also co-author or co-editor of three books.

Sasha Reed
Sasha is a PhD student at the University of Colorado, Boulder, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology and the Institute for Arctic and Alpine Research. She is a graduate of Colgate University with a concentration in Chemistry and was a past recipient of the Star Award received for outstanding work with the Department of Interior. Sasha is also a fellow in the NSF Integrated Graduate Education and Research Traineeship Program. Her research interests lie in the areas of carbon and nitrogen cycling in terrestrial ecosystems, particularly tropical ecosystems. Her field site is in Costa Rica.

Tind Shepper Ryen
Shep is second year graduate student of science policy at the University of Colorado, Boulder. He is a doctoral candidate in the environmental studies department, and is pursuing a certificate in science and technology policy. His interests are in US and international space policy, energy policy, and US federal R&D. Shep also works as a graduate research/teaching assistant at the Center for Science and Technology Policy Research. Upon graduation he hopes to take part in the policy process on the Hill in Washington, DC. Shep graduated in 2001 from Princeton University with a degree in astrophysics. He then worked for the Center for Science, Policy, & Outcomes (CSPO) for two years before coming to Boulder. Shep is creating a website devoted to space policy analysis. In addition, he is participating in a group project investigating the problems and opportunities posed by nanoscience and nanotechnology. Shep participated in a group project investigating the ecological, societal, and economic interests behind the Mackenzie Gas Pipeline in northwest Canada. Shep is also the creator of the weblog, Prometheus, devoted to science policy.

Daniel Sarewitz
Daniel Sarewitz is Professor of Science and Society, and Director of the Consortium for Science, Policy, and Outcomes (CSPO), at Arizona State University. His work focuses on the societal impacts of decision making about science and technology. His most recent book is Living with the Genie: Essays on Technology and the Quest for Human Mastery (co-edited with Alan Lightman and Christina Desser, Island Press, 2003) He is also the author of Frontiers of Illusion: Science, Technology, and the Politics of Progress (Temple University Press, 1996) as well as many articles about the relationship between science and social change. His past positions include director of CSPO at Columbia University (1998-2003); director of the Geological Society of America's Institute for Environmental Education (1995-97); and science consultant to the House of Representatives Committee on Science, Space, and Technology (1989-93), where he was also principal speech writer for Committee Chairman George E. Brown, Jr. Before moving into the policy arena he was a research associate in the Dept. of Geological Sciences at Cornell University, with field areas in the Philippines, Argentina, and Tajikistan. He received his Ph.D. in geological sciences from Cornell University in 1986.

Gordon R. Smith
Gordon R. Smith is Director of the EcoLands Program of the Environmental Resources Trust (ERT). ERT is a national not-for-profit organization with the mission of developing markets that improve the environment. A focus of Dr. Smith's work with ERT is measurement and verification of greenhouse gas emission offsets generated by changing land management. ERT also audits measurements performed by others, and advises project developers. Dr. Smith's work includes researching and testing tools for reliable and cost-effective measurement of greenhouse gas offsets. He has authored scientific and professional publications on measuring forest and soil carbon sequestration, greenhouse gas offset accounting, and ecological management of forests. He has also worked on developing trading mechanisms for water pollution reductions, joint production of timber and non-timber forest products, and development of Forest Stewardship Council guidelines for certification of sustainable forest management. Dr. Smith has a Ph.D. in Forest Management from the University of Washington, and a Master of Public Policy from Harvard University. He is an active alpinist and a member of the Rigging Committee Chair for Seattle Mountain Rescue.

Carrie Sonneborn
Carrie Sonneborn recently submitted her PhD thesis to Murdoch University (Perth, Australia) on Industry Capacity Building with Respect to Market-based Approaches to Greenhouse Gas Reduction: US and Australian perspectives. Her thesis served to identify successful approaches to industry greenhouse response for Australian and US companies. In the past two years she has worked with the Chicago Climate Exchange, Inc., and been a Visiting Scholar in the Graduate School of International Studies at the University of Denver. Dr. Sonneborn returned to full-time post-doctoral study after over 15 years working in the environment, academic and industry association sectors, mostly in Australia. Her experience includes a position at the National Renewable Energy Lab (NREL) where she conducted research related to her PhD. Dr. Sonneborn served as Policy Analyst & Market Development Specialist at the Institute for Sustainability and Technology Policy, Perth Western Australia. During that time she was a co-founder and inaugural Executive Officer of EcoCarbon, an industry association dedicated to resourcing companies about climate change science, policy and responses such as emissions trading. Prior to that, she served as Executive Director at the Sustainable Energy Industries Council of Australia (SEICA), which was the peak organization representing renewable energy and energy efficiency business in Australia.

Eric Sundquist
Eric T. Sundquist has been a Research Geologist with the U.S. Geological Survey since 1978. His research focuses on relationships between the global carbon cycle and atmospheric CO2, including effects of historical changes in land use, interactions between oceanic and terrestrial carbon cycling, exchange of CO2 between soils and the atmosphere, and past natural variations in atmospheric CO2. He holds a B.A. in Geology from Pomona College, and A.M. and Ph.D. degrees in Geological Sciences from Harvard University. A recipient of the U.S. Department of the Interior Superior and Meritorious Service Awards, Dr. Sundquist was the USGS Research Adviser for Surface Water Chemistry from 1997 to 2002. In 2002 he was named the Woodford Eckis Lecturer at Pomona College. He is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and was Chair of the American Geophysical Union Focus Group on Global Environmental Change from 2002 to 2004. In addition to authoring many research papers, Dr. Sundquist was principal editor of the widely cited American Geophysical Union Monograph, The Carbon Cycle and Atmospheric CO2: Natural Variations Archean to Present. He was a member of the U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Steering Group from 2002 to 2004 and a coauthor of the U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Plan and the North American Carbon Program plan. He is currently Lead for Scientific Content of the first U.S. State of the Carbon Cycle Report.

Pieter Tans
Since working on his PhD (Physics, University of Groningen, The Netherlands), Pieter Tans has studied the accumulation in the atmosphere of long-lived gases capable of forcing significant global climate change. Information on the gas "budgets" (sources, sinks) is derived from time series and spatial patterns of their concentration and isotopic ratios. Since 1985 he has led the Carbon Cycle Greenhouse Gases group of NOAA's Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Lab. The group runs the largest and most-widely used network of very accurate global greenhouse gas measurements.

Ralph Torrie
Ralph Torrie is an expert in the field of energy and environment and has been researching sustainable energy scenarios for 25 years. He has been involved in the climate change issue since 1988 and throughout the 1990’s worked closely with the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives in the development of strategic approaches to greenhouse gas emission reduction for application at the local government level. He is the co-inventor of environmental planning software that has been translated into several languages and is in use in over 300 cities around the world. He has a special interest in sustainable energy scenario research and recently completed an analysis of how Canada could cut its greenhouse gas emissions by 50%. He has worked and lectured throughout the world, has numerous publications, and is a recent recipient of the Canadian Environment Silver Award for his work on climate change.

Wayland Walker
Wayland Walker is a Senior City Planner for the City and County of Denver. In the past five years he has worked on local greenhouse gas inventories and prepared an Action Plan for CO2 Reduction in the municipality. He was a contributor to the 1987-88 Denver Brown Cloud Study. He has worked as a meteorologist for the U.S. Navy, U.S. Marine Corps, and in the public and private sectors. A graduate of the University of Denver’s Geography Department (BA, MA) in 1967, his Master’s Thesis addressed the irrigation economy of the northern zone of West Pakistan with emphasis on climate and weather impacts upon crop production. He resides in Lakewood, Colorado with his wife Betty.

James W. C. White
James White is a Professor in the Department of Geological Sciences and Environmental Studies Program at the University of Colorado, Boulder and has been the Director of the Environmental Studies Program since 1994. He is also a Fellow at the Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research. His research interests are broad, but all revolve around human impacts on the environment and the use of environmental stable isotope ratios. Specific areas of research include: modeling and monitoring the global carbon cycle using isotope ratios in atmospheric carbon dioxide and methane; development of techniques for measuring isotope ratios in atmospheric gases; reconstructions of paleoenvironmental conditions using isotopes in ice cores; reconstructions of past environments from isotopes in organic materials, and tracing of ground water flow and recharge. His teaching interests at the undergraduate level focus on Global Change and general geosciences. He is also actively engaged in exploring new paradigms of graduate education in environmental studies. He received my Ph.D. in Geological Sciences from Columbia University in 1983 and B.S. degree in Chemistry from Florida State University in 1975.