Weather data (rainfall, storm tracks, storm intensities, etc.) generally are readily available, often online. Data on the societal impacts of weather, however, are not. This site includes the resources we have found
that contain societal impacts data.
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- Annual Death & Damages Statistics -- USA
U.S. Weather Disasters
- A resource dealing with disasters that occurred during the
1980-2006 period with total damages/costs.
- Climate Information
- NOAA's Office of Global Programs offers this Web site which
includes near-daily and weekly summaries of reported climate-weather
impacts from around the globe.
Comparison of Droughts, Floods and Hurricanes in the U.S.
- This National Drought Mitigation Center site compares annual
average, worst in recent history, and worst recorded fatalities
and damages from drought, floods, and hurricanes.
Weather Sourcebook 2001
- This updated site provides quick access to data on economic
damage from hurricanes, floods, tornadoes, lightning, and other
weather phenomena in the United States and its territories.
Visitors to the Extreme Weather Sourcebook will find the states
and U.S. territories ranked in order of economic losses from
hurricanes, floods, tornadoes, and all three events combined.
A dollar figure for average annual losses in each state is also
provided. Links take the reader to graphs with more detailed
information on cost per year for each state and each hazard.
- In most years, flooding causes more deaths and damage than
any other hydrometeorological phenomenon. In any year it is
common for three-quarters of all Federally declared disaster
declarations to be due, at least in part, to flooding. This
site provides data on flood fatalities and damages since 1903.
Hidden Costs of Coastal Hazards
- The Hidden Costs of Coastal Hazards is an in-depth study that
considers the costs of hazards to natural resources, social
institutions, business, and structures. Using the case study
of Hurricane Hugo, which struck South Carolina in 1989, it provides
for the first time information on the full range of economic
costs caused by a major coastal hazard event.
Natural Catastrophes and Developing Countries (CAT) Project
of the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis
- The project has developed a modeling technique to integrate
direct estimated costs of natural disasters to macro-economic
planning models for developing countries. The modeling work
will create a platform to help interested parties evaluate tools
for financing the cost of post-disaster reconstruction. The
long-term objective of the project is to build a planning tool
to assist developing countries in evaluating options to prevent,
mitigate, or transfer the costs of natural catastrophes.
- Report of the Workshop on the
Societal and Economic Impacts of Weather (table of contents)
- Many useful statistics on a broad range of phenomena and
their impacts on different sectors of society.
Sources of Data on Disasters and Disaster Costs
- What constitutes a "disaster"? What constitutes a "cost"?
Do we want to look at insured losses or all losses? How can
we be sure that loss estimates are accurate for individual disasters
and/or that they are comparable across disasters? How can we
possibly compare the relatively high property losses in developed
countries with the relatively high social costs (such as deaths,
injuries, and homelessness) in developing nations? Which indirect
costs should be included? To respond to these questions, the
Natural Hazards Center at the University of Colorado recently
added this page to its Web site. The page does not provide statistics
but rather links readers to sources of such information.
Weather Events Maps
- Yearly maps from 1994 - present showing the location of significant
U.S. weather events along with information about the type/date
of the event, the number of deaths, and the amount of damage
- Produced by the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) in Asheville,
NC. Copies can be obtained from the NCDC
by calling (704) 271-4800 or by email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
of Natural Hazards Statistics
- The National Weather Service's Office
of Climate, Water, and Weather Services prepares this
annual summary of fatalities and damage by phenomena, state,
and other criteria.
Fluctuations in Weather and Climate Extremes That Cause Economic
and Human Health Impacts: A Review.
Kenneth E. Kunkel, Roger A. Pielke Jr., Stanley A. Changnon.
- This paper reviews recent work on trends during this century
in societal impacts (direct economic losses and fatalities)
in the United States from extreme weather conditions and compares
those with trends of associated atmospheric phenomena. Most
measures of the economic impacts of weather and climate extremes
over the past several decades reveal increasing losses. But
trends in most related weather and climate extremes do not show
comparable increases with time. This suggests that increasing
losses are primarily due to increasing vulnerability arising
from a variety of societal changes, including a growing population
in higher risk coastal areas and large cities, more property
subject to damage, and lifestyle and demographic changes subjecting
lives and property to greater exposure.
Weather and Crop Bulletin
- The USDA's weekly summaries of the weather's effects on crops.
Weather Events of 1991-2007
- NCDC maintains this site with reports on major weather events.
These reports contain background meteorological information
and occasionally damages and impacts data.
Societal Aspects of Weather Home Page
Roger Pielke, Jr.'s Home Page
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