July 1997 Workshop
10-12 July 1997, Boulder, Colorado, USA

Biographical Information
On Participants

J. Christopher Bernabo

Since founding Science and Policy Associates, Inc. (SPA) in 1985, Chris Bernabo has worked for a wide range of government, international, and private sector clients directing projects, planning programs, conducting analyses, and providing consultation on environmental issues. He has special expertise in communicating technical information to decision-makers and designing research to assist policy development. He has in-depth knowledge of the issues of global change, atmospheric deposition, and air pollution impacts. Chris' unique breadth of experience on these issues includes working as an active researcher, program manager, policy analyst, Congressional staffer, technical director, educator, and consultant. He served for five years as Executive Director of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP), was a Senior Policy Analyst at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Congressional Science Fellow with the House Science and Technology Committee, Project Director at the National Climate Program, and a Climate Research Associate of the National Academy of Sciences.

Dr. Bernabo's recent work includes developing research plans, conducting assessments, evaluating policy, and designing communication strategies for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. Forest Service, U.S. Department of Energy, states, utilities, motor vehicle manufacturers, chemical companies, energy producers, and others. Chris conducts seminars for managers on the relationship between science and policy. He has also testified 12 times as an expert before Congress and has organized and chaired over 8 major conferences. He has authored dozens of technical publications and edited numerous key reports. Chris earned his Ph.D. in Earth Sciences from Brown University and has additional training at New York University and Princeton University.

Radford Byerly, Jr.

Rad Byerly was trained at Rice University in experimental atomic and molecular physics (Ph.D., 1967). Subsequently he moved to science management and policy at the National Institute for Standards and Technology, working on programs of environmental measurement and fire research. Byerly joined the staff of the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Science and Technology in 1975, with initial responsibility for environmental research programs. In 1980 he took responsibility for space science and applications programs and was appointed Staff Director of the Space Subcommittee in 1985. In 1987, Byerly became Director of the University of Colorado's Center for Space and Geosciences Policy. The new chair of the House Science and Technology Committee, Rep. George E. Brown, Jr. (D-CA) called Byerly back to Washington in 1991 to be Committee Chief of Staff. Retiring from that position in 1993, he remains active writing on science policy and serving on science policy committees (e.g., NASA Space Science Advisory Committee, NRC Board of Assessment of NIST Programs, NSF site visit committees, dissertations committees, etc.).

Stanley A. Changnon

Stan Changnon has been involved in water and climate research for 45 years. He directed the atmospheric research program at the Illinois State Water Survey for 20 years and served as the Survey's Chief for six years. Today he is one of the Survey's principal scientists, a professor of Geography and Atmospheric Sciences at the University of Illinois, and the head of his own consulting firm. His interests include investigations of climate change and climatic variability, studies of how weather and climate impacts agriculture, water resources and policy, investigaitons of both inadvertent and planned weather modification, investigations of flood and droughts, and studies of severe weather.

Clark Chapman

Clark R. Chapman is an Institute Scientist at the Boulder, Colorado, office of Southwest Research Institute. Until March 1996, he was Senior Scientist at the Planetary Science Institute in Tucson, Arizona. Earlier this decade, he was the first Editor of "Journal of Geophysical Research--Planets." He is a member of the Imaging Team of the Galileo mission to Jupiter (he led Galileo's studies of the asteroid Ida, of the impacts of Comet Shoemaker- Levy 9 into Jupiter, and cratering of the Galilean satellites); also of the Imaging/Spectrometer Team of the Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous (NEAR) mission to Eros, launched in 1996.

Dr. Chapman is a past Chairman of the Division for Planetary Sciences

of the American Astronomical Society and past President of Commission 15 (Physical Properties of Asteroids and Comets) of the International Astronomical Union (IAU). He recently finished two terms on the Council of the Meteoritical Society. Dr. Chapman received his AB in astronomy from Harvard, MS in meteorology from M.I.T., and PhD in Planetary Science from M.I.T. (1972). He is a leading researcher in planetary cratering and in the physical properties of the smaller bodies of the solar system (asteroids, comets, planetary satellites, the planet Mercury). He was a member of the COMPLEX committee of the National Research Council (NRC) and is currently on the NRC's new Task Group on Sample Return from Small Solar System Bodies.

Besides authoring or co-authoring hundreds of technical papers, Dr. Chapman has written several popular-level books, including "Cosmic Catastrophes" (Plenum Press, 1989, co-authored with D. Morrison). That book reported on the 1981 Spacewatch Workshop (Snowmass, Colorado, chaired by the late Gene Shoemaker) and led to wider governmental and popular appreciation of the potential hazard from impacts of comets and asteroids. Dr. Chapman chaired the 1991 International Conference on Near-Earth Asteroids; he was also a member of both of the Congressionally- mandated NASA Committees (on Detection and on Interception of Near Earth Objects) and more recently he served as a consultant for NASA's Shoemaker Committee, mandated by Congress following the Shoemaker- Levy 9 comet crash. Dr. Chapman also served on the Organizing Committee of the 1995 United Nations Conference on Near-Earth Objects.

John Firor

John Firor is a physicist, trained at the University of Chicago, who moved to Boulder, Colorado to help the National Center for Atmospheric Research get started in 1961. He served as director of the High Altitude Observatory division of NCAR, was director/ executive director of NCAR for 12 years, and directed the NCAR Advanced Study Program. He now serves as Senior Research Associate at NCAR and as Senior Wirth Fellow in the Graduate School for Public Affairs at the University of Colorado at Denver.

Donald L. Gautier

Don Gautier is Chief Scientist for Geologic Mapping in the U.S. Geological Survey Office in Menlo Park, California, where work focuses upon the digital representation and analysis of three-dimensional spatial data. Born in Los Angeles, California, Gautier holds a Ph.D. in Geology from the University of Colorado-Boulder, and has been employed by the USGS since leaving Mobil Oil Corporation in 1977. His principal research concerns properties and distribution of petroleum reservoir rocks and prediction of future discoveries of oil and gas resources. Gautier is the principal author of the most recent USGS assessment of the oil and gas resources of the United States and is currently involved in the evaluation of world oil and gas potential.

Charles N. Herrick

Charles Herrick is Senior Scientist with Princeton Economic Research, Inc., an international consultancy dealing with environmental and energy management issues. Dr. Herrick manages and conducts analyses of issues including environmental technology and information market assessment, local-scale environmental policy and sustainability studies, renewable energy life-cycle costs and benefits, and integration of behavioral, biophysical, and technological information. Prior to joining PERI, Herrick served as Associate Director of the White House Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) and represented CEQ on the Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering, and Technology. He also chaired the interagency Committee on Environmental Trends, which sought to integrate data across scientific issues and disciplines to produce policy-relevant and "usable" information. Previously, he was Assistant Director of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP), where he managed the NAPAP 1990 Integrated Assessment. He began his environmental science/policy career in 1980 as Research Assistant with the NCAR Consortium on Energy Impacts, which provided an interdisciplinary assessment of the environmental and societal impacts associated with large-scale energy development in the Rocky Mountain West. Dr. Herrick has written about the importance of integrated studies in several journals, including Issues in Science and Technology and Global Environmental Change.

William H. Hooke

William Hooke has worked for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and antecedent agencies since 1967. After six years of research in fundamental geophysical fluid dynamics and its application to the ionosphere, the boundary layer, air quality, aviation, and wind eingineering, he moved into a series of management positions of increasing scope and responsibility. From 1973 to 1980, he was Chief of the Wave Propagation Laboratory's Atmospheric Studies Branch. From 1980 to 1983, he rotated through a series of management development assignments. From 1984 to 1987, he directed NOAA's Environmental Science Group (now the Forecast Systems Lab), responsible for much of the systems R&D for the NWS modernization, as well as a range of other weather and climate research activities. For two decades he was an adjoint faculty member in the Department of Astrophysical, Planetary, and Atmospheric Sciences at the University of Colorado, teching courses and supervising students. He was a Fellow of CIRES for six years and continues to serve as a CIRA Fellow. He has worked on several NAS/NRC panels and committees. From 1987 to 1993, he served as the Deputy Chief Scientist and Acting Chief Scientist of NOAA. Dr. Hooke currently holds two national responsibilities: Director of the U.S. Weather Research Program Office, and Chair of the Interagency Subcommittee for Natural Disaster Reduction of the Naitonal Science and Technology Council's Committee on Environment and Natural Resources. Dr. Hooke is a Fellow of the American Meteorological Society (AMS) and is currently an AMS Councillor. He holds a special AMS Award. Dr. Hooke holds a B.S. (Physics Honors) from Swarthmore College (1964), an W.M. (1966) and Ph.D. (1967) from the University of Chicago.

Dale Jamieson

Dale Jamieson in Henry R. Luce Professor in Human Dimensions of Global Change at Carleton College, Professor of Philosophy, and former Director of the Center for Values and Social Policy at the University of Colorado at Boulder, and Adjunct Scientist in the Environmental and Societal Impacts Group at the National Center for Atmospheric Research. Dr. Jamieson has been a visiting professor in the Department of Science and Technology Studies and the Sage School of Philosophy at Cornell University, in the Faculty of Philosophy at Monash University in Australia, and a visiting fellow of New College, Magdalen College, and St. Anne's College at Oxford University. He is the only University of Colorado faculty member to have won both the Dean's award for research in the social sciences and the Chancellor's award for research in the humanities. He regularly teaches courses in ethics, environmental philosophy, environmental justice, the philosophy of biology, and global change.

Since receiving his Ph.D. in 1976 from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Dr. Jamieson has edited or co-edited five books, most recently Reflecting on Nature: Readings in Environmental Philosophy (Oxford, 1994), and Readings on Animal Cognition (MIT, 1996). He has published more than fifty articles and book chapters in such journals as Analysis, Environmental Ethics, Environmental Values, Ethics, Journal of Value Inquiry, Global Environmental Change, Philosophical Studies, Science, Technology and Human Values, and Society and Natural Resources. He is also the co-author of a major report to the US Environmental Protection Agency, Cultural Barriers to Behavior Change: General Recommendations and Resources for State Pollution Prevention Programs. His work has been translated into Polish, Italian, German, Dutch, Japanese, and Spanish. He is Associate Editor of Science, Technology and Human Values and on the editorial advisory boards of the Brock Review, Science and Engineering Ethics, and the Journal of Applied Animal Welfare. His research has been funded by the Ethics and Values Studies Program of the National Science Foundation, the US Environmental Protection Agency, and the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Dr. Jamieson is currently completing a book on the philosophical dimensions of global environmental change, editing Blackwell's Companion to Environmental Philosophy, and Singer and His Critics (also for Blackwell).

Karen Litfin

Karen Litfin is Assistant Professor of Political Science at University of Washington, where she specializes in International relations and environmental politics. Her first book, Ozone Discourses: Science and Politics in International Environmental Cooeration (Columbia University Press, 1994) was runner-up for the International Studies Association's Sprout Award, which is given annually for the best book on international environmental issues. More recently, Litfin has received an NSF grant for her work on the international politics of remote sensing satellites.

Robert E. Moran

Dr. Robert Moran is a private consultant with more than 25 years of domestic and international experience in applied water quality, geochemistry, hydrogeology and resource policy. Much of his technical expertise involves the water quality/geochemistry of natural and contaminated waters and sediments as related to mining, nuclear fuel cycle sites, industrial development, geothermal resources, hazardous wastes, and water supply development. Dr. Moran has a B.A. in Zoology from San Francisco State College, and a Ph.D. in Geological Sciences from the U. of Texas, Austin. He has previously worked with the U.S. Geological Survey, Water Resources Division, and several consulting firms.

Joanne M. Nigg

Joanne Nigg is a Professor of Sociology and Co-Director of the Disaster Research Center at the Universityof Delaware, positons she has held since 1990. She received a Ph.D. in Sociology at UCLA in 1979. She served on the National Academy of Sciences' National Research Council Committee on Earthquake Engineering from its inception in 1983 until 1991 as its only social science member. She has testified twice before Congressional committees on earthquake policy issues and has participated in governmental reviews of aspects of NEHRP for FEMA, the Government Accounting Office (GAO), and the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment (OTA). Professor Nigg has been a member of the Scientific Advisory Committee for NCEER since its creation and has served as a member of the Research Utilization Panel for the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) during the past two years. She was elected to the Board of Directors of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI) in 1989, served as the Institute's Vice President in 1991, and President in 1997-98. She is currently a member of the Board on Natural Disasters for the National Research Council.

Since 1975, Professor Nigg has been involved in research on societal response to natural and technological hazards and disasters, with a special emphasis on earthquake threats. In the earthquake area, her research projects have included public understandings of earthquake predictions, forecasts, and threats; public, organizational, and governmental response to earthquake disasters; recovery processes in several communities following federally declared disasters; the factors that facilitate or inhibit the development of earthquake preparedness and mitigation programs and policies by local governments; evaluations of earthquake education programs and efforts; business impacts and recovery from earthquake events; and the utilization of scientific knowledge by local governments for earthquake hazard reduction planning. The results of her research have been published in five books and monographs, 25 journal articles and book chapters, and over 40 technical reports and conference papers. In addition to extensive presentation of papers at academic meetings and international conferences, Professor Nigg has given many invited presentations on the more applied aspects of her work to governmental bodies and professional organizations.

Roger A. Pielke, Jr.

Roger Pielke, Jr. is a Scientist I with the Environmental and Societal Impacts Group at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado. With a B.A. in Mathematics and the Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of Colorado, his research focuses on the relationship of scientific information and public- and private-sector decision making. His current areas of research are societal responses to extreme weather events, domestic and international policy responses to climate change, and United States science policy. He currently serves on the American Meteorological Society's Committee on Societal Impacts, the American Society of Civil Engineers Task Committee on Mitigating Hydrological Disasters, and on the U.S. Weather Research Program's Science Steering Committee. He is a co-author (with his father) of Hurricanes: Their Nature and Impact on Society (October 1997) by John Wiley & Sons Press. Roger holds an affiliate professorship at the University of Colorado.

Orrin Pilkey

Orrin Pilkey is a James B. Duke Professor of Geology in the Division of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Nicholas School of the Environment at Duke University. He is a coastal geologist and director of the Program for the Study of Developed Shorelines which focuses on beach nourishment, seawall impacts, and evalaution of mathematical models of beach behavior. Pilkey received the Francis Shepard Medal for Excellence in Marine Geology in 1991 and is an honorary member of the Society for Sedimentary Geology. He has co-edited, authored, or co-authored the 21-volume Living with the Shore series, as well as two 1996 volumes, The Corps and the Shore and Living by the Rules of the Sea.

Daniel Sarewitz

Daniel Sarewitz is the Director of the Geological Science of America's Institute for Environmental Education and the author of Frontiers of Illusion: Science, Technology, and the Politics of Progress (Temple University Press, 1996), a discussion of the relations between scientific and societal progress. From 1989 to 1993, he worked on Capitol Hill, first as a Congressional Science Fellow, and then as science consultant to the House of Representatives Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, where he was involved in a range of issues, including science education, federal research policy, and international scientific cooperation. Prior to moving into the policy arena, he worked in academia, where his research and publications focused on processes of mountain building and basin formation along active plate boundaries, with field areas in the Philippines, Argentina, and Tadjikistan. He received his Ph.D. in geological sciences from Cornell University in 1986.

Back to Workshop Home Page
Back to Predictions Home Page