September 1998 Workshop
10-12 September 1998, Estes Park, Colorado, USA

Biographical Information
On Participants

Thomas L. Anderson

Dr. Anderson is Director of Technology Management for Flour Daniel Hanford, where he is responsible for providing aggressive and timely search, assessment and deployment of technology to meet project needs dedicated to fulfilling the mission to clean up the nation's largest and most complex nuclear waste site. He has 35 years of experience encompassing science and technology policy, civil engineering, composite materials, structural engineering design and management, consulting aerospace engineering, and related areas of industrial R&D and technology transfer. He holds BS and MS degrees from the University of Idaho and earned his PhD in civil engineering from the University of Colorado, from which he received its Distinguished Engineering Alumnus Award. Dr. Anderson is a member of numerous boards, committees and professional society organizations and has authored over 70 published papers and reports. He recently completed assignments as liaison to the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy on the Construction and Building Subcommittee of the National Science and Technology Council, and he provided the secretariat for the National Earthquake Strategy Working Group.

William Ascher

William Ascher is Professor of Public Policy Studies and Political Science at Duke University, and Director of Duke's Center for International Development Research. His research is in comparative public policy, forecasting methodologies, policymaking processes in developing countries, and natural resource policymaking. His work on forecasting includes an assessment of the accuracy and uses of U.S. energy, population, economic growth, transportation and natural-resource predictions (Forecasting: An Appraisal for Policymakers & Planners, Johns Hopkins University Press) and Strategic Planning and Forecasting (Wiley), an assessment and guide for political-economic forecasting. He has undertaken several research projects on the use of science in policymaking in developing countries, particularly in the natural resource and environment spheres, and on how science and public input fit within resource policymaking in the United States. Dr. Ascher has served as a member of the Advisory Group on the Future of Science, U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittee on Science.<,p>

Richard Bernknopf

Richard Bernknopf, economist, Ph.D., George Washington University, has worked for the USGS for over 25 years and has served as a consulting professor at Stanford University for four years. Starting in 1973, Dr. Bernknopf has worked in the Office of the Director as the Bureau's Chief of Programs and Plans and has served as a research economist for the last 15 years in the Geologic Division in Reston, Virginia, and in Menlo Park, California. He is also the co-director of the Center for Earth Science Information Research (CESIR) at Stanford University. Dr. Bernknopf's research forces on the demonstration of the relevance (value to society) of natural science information and the translation of that information into a form compatible with decision-making processes. He is engaged in developing and promoting new, quantitative uses for natural science information to support policy analysis, outreach, and technology transfer. Dr. Bernknopf is an advisor to: the Geological Survey of Canada on matters associated with minerals exploration and ensuing environmental impacts; the California Division of Mines and Geology and Seismic Safety Commission on earthquake risk analysis; the Tahoe Regional Planning Agency on the impact of environmental standards on regional economic growth; and the Santa Clara Valley Water District on loss avoidance strategies regarding the gasoline additive, MTBE. Dr. Bernknopf currently serves on the Panel on Risk, Vulnerability, and the True Costs of Coastal Hazards, the H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics and the Environment in Washington, DC. He has authored numerous papers, posters, and abstracts.

Ronald D. Brunner

Ronald D. Brunner has been a Professor of Political Science at the University of Colorado since 1981. He received a B.A. cum laude in 1964 and a Ph.D in Political Science with Distinction in 1971 from Yale University. He was a member of the faculty of the University of Michigan from 1968-1981, with tenure in Political Science and a joint appointment in the Institute of Public Policy Studies. Dr. Brunner has practiced the policy sciences through applications of central theory to specific problems in energy, welfare, space, goescience, education policy and, more recently, natural resources policy. He views each new problem as an opportunity to bring a broader perspective to officials and other policy makers who have specialized in a particular policy area, and to develop further insight into the framework and propositions of central theory, which were developed and institutionalized more than a half century ago at the Yale Law School. He is currently completing a project on Capitalizing the Policy Sciences for Global Change Research, and beginning a project in collaboration with other policy scientists on Governance and Natural Resources: New Models for the 21st Century, which is focused on community-based initiatives and the greater Yellowstone area.

Donald W. Bryan

Donald W. Bryan settled on North Carolina's Outer Banks in 1972 after a US Air Force career of more than 30 years. He served the town of Nags Head as a council member and Mayor from December 1975 to December 1991. During that period he also served six years on North carolina's Coastal Resources Commission; as a member of the Albermarle-Pamlico Estuarine Study policy committee and of the Governor's Working Group on Offshore Oil Drillng. He has held positions as President of the North Carolina League of Municipalities; President of the 11 state Souther Municipal Conference; Chairman of the NC Local Government advocacy Council; Chairman of the Albermarle Regional Planning and Development Commission; and as a member of the Boards of Directors of numerous governmental, civic and environmental organizations. Bryan presently is Treasurer of the non-profit International Icarus, Inc. and is self-employed as an artist, producing paintings which are exhibited on a regular basis by a number of galleries.

Radford Byerly, Jr.

Rad Byerly was trained at Rice University in experimental atomic and molecular physics (Ph.D., 1967). Subsequently he moved to science management and policy at the National Institute for Standards and Technology, working on programs of environmental measurement and fire research. Byerly joined the staff of the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Science and Technology in 1975, with initial responsibility for environmental research programs. In 1980 he took responsibility for space science and applications programs and was appointed Staff Director of the Space Subcommittee in 1985. In 1987, Byerly became Director of the University of Colorado's Center for Space and Geosciences Policy. The new chair of the House Science and Technology Committee, Rep. George E. Brown, Jr. (D-CA) called Byerly back to Washington in 1991 to be Committee Chief of Staff. Retiring from that position in 1993, he remains active writing on science policy and serving on science policy committees (e.g., NASA Space Science Advisory Committee, NRC Board of Assessment of NIST Programs, NSF site visit committees, dissertations committees, etc.).

Stanley A. Changnon

Stan Changnon has been involved in weather and climate research for 45 years. He directed the atmospheric research program involving 70 scientists and engineers at the Illinois State Water Survey for 20 years, and served as the Survey's Chief for six years. Today he is one of the Survey's Principal Scientists, a Professor of Geography and Atmospheric Sciences at the University of Illinois, and the head of his own consulting firm which specializes in climate applications research. He conceived major national programs including METROMEX, a massive 10-year study of how large cities influence weather and change the climate, and he planned the nation's regional climate centers program and developed the first center, the Midwestern Climate Center.

His research interests include investigations of climate change and climatic variability in space and time; studies of how weather and climate impacts agriculture, water resources, and policy, investigation of both inadvertent and planned weather modification; investigation of flood and droughts; and studies of severe weather including thunderstorms, hail, tornadoes, and winter storms.

Clark Chapman

Clark R. Chapman is an Institute Scientist at the Boulder, Colorado, office of Southwest Research Institute. Until March 1996, he was Senior Scientist at the Planetary Science Institute in Tucson, Arizona. Earlier this decade, he was the first Editor of "Journal of Geophysical Research--Planets." He is a member of the Imaging Team of the Galileo mission to Jupiter (he led Galileo's studies of the asteroid Ida, of the impacts of Comet Shoemaker- Levy 9 into Jupiter, and cratering of the Galilean satellites); also of the Imaging/Spectrometer Team of the Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous (NEAR) mission to Eros, launched in 1996.

Dr. Chapman is a past Chairman of the Division for Planetary Sciences of the American Astronomical Society and past President of Commission 15 (Physical Properties of Asteroids and Comets) of the International Astronomical Union (IAU). He recently finished two terms on the Council of the Meteoritical Society. Dr. Chapman received his AB in astronomy from Harvard, MS in meteorology from M.I.T., and PhD in Planetary Science from M.I.T. (1972). He is a leading researcher in planetary cratering and in the physical properties of the smaller bodies of the solar system (asteroids, comets, planetary satellites, the planet Mercury). He was a member of the COMPLEX committee of the National Research Council (NRC) and is currently on the NRC's new Task Group on Sample Return from Small Solar System Bodies.

Besides authoring or co-authoring hundreds of technical papers, Dr. Chapman has written several popular-level books, including "Cosmic Catastrophes" (Plenum Press, 1989, co-authored with D. Morrison). That book reported on the 1981 Spacewatch Workshop (Snowmass, Colorado, chaired by the late Gene Shoemaker) and led to wider governmental and popular appreciation of the potential hazard from impacts of comets and asteroids. Dr. Chapman chaired the 1991 International Conference on Near-Earth Asteroids; he was also a member of both of the Congressionally- mandated NASA Committees (on Detection and on Interception of Near Earth Objects) and more recently he served as a consultant for NASA's Shoemaker Committee, mandated by Congress following the Shoemaker- Levy 9 comet crash. Dr. Chapman also served on the Organizing Committee of the 1995 United Nations Conference on Near-Earth Objects.

Jack D. Fellows

Jack Fellows is the vice President of Corporate Affairs for the University Corporation for Atmospheric Resesearch (UCAR) and the Director of UCAR Office of Programs (UOP). Dr. Fellows is responsible for a broad range of corporate activities, including development of policies and programs, liaison with the Federal government, management of UCAR trustees and member representative activities, UCAR development, and external communications. As Director of the UOP, he oversees a broad range of services to the community and the nation, including training operational weather forecasters for the National Weather Service, developing materials for geosciences education, research project management, research equipment development and deployment, provision of real-time weather data to more than 130 colleges and universities in the U.S. and managing visiting scientist programs.

Dr. Fellows began his career as a research faculty member at the University of Maryland where he conducted NASA-sponsored research in developing hydrologic models based on remotely sensed data from satellites. In 1984, he spent a year in the U.S. Congress as the American Geophysical Union's Congressional Science Fellow. After this fellolwship, he spent 13 years in the Executive Office of the President's Office of Management and Budget (OMB) overseeing the budget and policy development related to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Science Foundation, the National Science and Technology Council and Federal-wide research and development programs. During his tenure with OMB he helped initiate several national R&D programs, including the U.S. Global Change Research Program.

John Firor

John Firor is a physicist, trained at the University of Chicago, who moved to Boulder, Colorado to help the National Center for Atmospheric Research get started in 1961. He served as director of the High Altitude Observatory division of NCAR, was director/ executive director of NCAR for 12 years, and directed the NCAR Advanced Study Program. He now serves as Senior Research Associate at NCAR and as Senior Wirth Fellow in the Graduate School for Public Affairs at the University of Colorado at Denver.

Donald L. Gautier

Don Gautier is Chief Scientist for Geologic Mapping in the U.S. Geological Survey Office in Menlo Park, California, where work focuses upon the digital representation and analysis of three-dimensional spatial data. Born in Los Angeles, California, Gautier holds a Ph.D. in Geology from the University of Colorado-Boulder, and has been employed by the USGS since leaving Mobil Oil Corporation in 1977. His principal research concerns properties and distribution of petroleum reservoir rocks and prediction of future discoveries of oil and gas resources. Gautier is the principal author of the most recent USGS assessment of the oil and gas resources of the United States and is currently involved in the evaluation of world oil and gas potential.

Charles N. Herrick

Charles Herrick is Senior Scientist with Princeton Economic Research, Inc., an international consultancy dealing with environmental and energy management issues. Dr. Herrick manages and conducts analyses of issues including environmental technology and information market assessment, local-scale environmental policy and sustainability studies, renewable energy life-cycle costs and benefits, and integration of behavioral, biophysical, and technological information. Prior to joining PERI, Herrick served as Associate Director of the White House Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) and represented CEQ on the Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering, and Technology. He also chaired the interagency Committee on Environmental Trends, which sought to integrate data across scientific issues and disciplines to produce policy-relevant and "usable" information. Previously, he was Assistant Director of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP), where he managed the NAPAP 1990 Integrated Assessment. He began his environmental science/policy career in 1980 as Research Assistant with the NCAR Consortium on Energy Impacts, which provided an interdisciplinary assessment of the environmental and societal impacts associated with large-scale energy development in the Rocky Mountain West. Dr. Herrick has written about the importance of integrated studies in several journals, including Issues in Science and Technology and Global Environmental Change.

William H. Hooke

William Hooke has worked for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and antecedent agencies since 1967. After six years of research in fundamental geophysical fluid dynamics and its application to the ionosphere, the boundary layer, air quality, aviation, and wind engineering, he moved into a series of management positions of increasing scope and responsibility. From 1973 to 1980, he was Chief of the Wave Propagation Laboratory's Atmospheric Studies Branch. From 1980 to 1983, he rotated through a series of management development assignments. From 1984 to 1987, he directed NOAA's Environmental Science Group (now the Forecast Systems Lab), responsible for much of the systems R&D for the NWS modernization, as well as a range of other weather and climate research activities. For two decades he was an adjoint faculty member in the Department of Astrophysical, Planetary, and Atmospheric Sciences at the University of Colorado, teaching courses and supervising students. He was a Fellow of CIRES for six years and continues to serve as a CIRA Fellow. He has worked on several NAS/NRC panels and committees. From 1987 to 1993, he served as the Deputy Chief Scientist and Acting Chief Scientist of NOAA. Dr. Hooke currently holds two national responsibilities: Director of the U.S. Weather Research Program Office, and Chair of the Interagency Subcommittee for Natural Disaster Reduction of the National Science and Technology Council's Committee on Environment and Natural Resources. Dr. Hooke is a Fellow of the American Meteorological Society (AMS) and is currently an AMS Councillor. He holds a special AMS Award. Dr. Hooke holds a B.S. (Physics Honors) from Swarthmore College (1964), an W.M. (1966) and Ph.D. (1967) from the University of Chicago.

Dale Jamieson

Dale Jamieson is Henry R. Luce Professor in Human Dimensions of Global Change at Carleton College, Professor of Philosophy, and former Director of the Center for Values and Social Policy at the University of Colorado at Boulder, and Adjunct Scientist in the Environmental and Societal Impacts Group at the National Center for Atmospheric Research. Dr. Jamieson has been a visiting professor in the Department of Science and Technology Studies and the Sage School of Philosophy at Cornell University, in the Faculty of Philosophy at Monash University in Australia, and a visiting fellow of New College, Magdalen College, and St. Anne's College at Oxford University. He is the only University of Colorado faculty member to have won both the Dean's Award for research in the social sciences and the Chancellor's Award for research in the humanities. He regularly teaches courses in ethics, environmental philosophy, environmental justice, the philosophy of biology, and global change.

Since receiving his Ph.D. in 1976 from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Dr. Jamieson has edited or co-edited five books, most recently Reflecting on Nature: Readings in Environmental Philosophy (Oxford, 1994), and Readings on Animal Cognition (MIT, 1996). He has published more than fifty articles and book chapters in such journals as Analysis, Environmental Ethics, Environmental Values, Ethics, Journal of Value Inquiry, Global Environmental Change, Philosophical Studies, Science, Technology and Human Values, and Society and Natural Resources. He is also the co-author of a major report to the US Environmental Protection Agency, Cultural Barriers to Behavior Change: General Recommendations and Resources for State Pollution Prevention Programs. His work has been translated into Polish, Italian, German, Dutch, Japanese, and Spanish. He is Associated Editor of Science, Technology and Human Values and is on the editorial advisory board of the Brock Review, Science and Engineering Ethics, and the Journal of Applied Animal Welfare. His research has been funded by the Ethics and Values Studies Program of the National Science Foundation, the US Environmental Protection Agency, and the National Endowment for the Humanities. Dr. Jamieson is currently completing a book on the philosophical dimensions of global environmental change, editing Blackwell's Companion to Environmental Philosophy, and Singer and His Critics (also for Blackwell).

Hugh Lane, Jr.

Hugh Lane, Jr. is a 50-year-old fourth generation banker and a native of Charleston, South Carolina, where he is President of The Bank of South Carolina. Mr. Lane graduated from the Coate School in Wallingford, Connecticut, and in 1970 earned a BA in Economics from the University of Pennsylvania. Upon graduate, he entered the US Navy with the rank of ensign and, after receiving an honorable discharge, began his banking career in 1972 at C&S National Bank of Georgia in Atlanta. In 1973, he accepted a position with Chemical Bank (New York) and worked in the Bond, Leasing, and International Departments. In 1974 he returned to South Carolina to accept a position with C&S Bank of South Carolina as City Executive of the Sumter, South Carolina, office. He served on the C&S Bank of South Carolina Board of Directors for 14 years. In 1976, he returned to his home town of Charleston to serve as Executive Vice President, heading the C&S Bank's Southern Region Credit, with responsibility for approximately 300 employees. In 1986, when the C&S Bank was acquired by the C&S Bank of Georgia, Mr. Lane resigned to head a group of local business and community leaders who shared his antipathy for interstate banking and organized The Bank of South Carolina.

In addition to his responsibilities at the bank, Mr. Lane serves as a Member of the Advisory Committee for ACE Basin National Estuarine Research Reserve System; Trustee for the Belle W. Baruch Foundation; President and Trustee of the Charleston Museum; Co-Chairman of the Community Relations Committee; member of the Advisory Committee for the Storm Eye Institute of the Medical University of South Carolina; member of the President' Roundtable of Trident Chamber of Commerce; and Board of Trident Urban League. Mr. Lane is the recipient of Honorary Doctorates from Charleston Southern University and The Citadel. He was the 1997 recipient of the "Distinguished Citizen" award from Wofford College National Alumni Council, as well as the 1997 recipient of the Avery Citizenship Award for outstanding community service, presented by the Avery Research Center. Mr. Lane, the father of three, is an avid sportman and conservationist.

Jerry D. Mahlman

Dr. Mahlman has had a distinguished career in meteorological science. He received his Ph.D. from Colorado State University in 1967 and has since belonged to numerous climate related committees. He is a lecturer in Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences at Princeton University as well as director of the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

Much of Dr. Mahlman's research career has been directed toward understanding the behavior of the stratosphere and troposphere. This has involved extensive mathematical modeling and diagnosis of the interactive chemical, radiative, dynamical and transport aspects of the atmosphere, as well as their implications for climate and chemical change.

Shirley Mattingly

Shirley Mattingly is the former Regional Director, Region IX, for the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), where she directed federal disaster preparedness, response, recovery, and hazard reduction programs in ten states and territories. Prior to her FEMA appointment, as Emergency Management Director for the City of Los Angeles for 13 years, she steered the City's emergency planning and seismic policy analysis and managed response and recovery in numerous disasters. She initiated collaborative risk reduction programs with businesses, academic institutions, and other cities. She has served on the US National Committee for the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR) and the Board on Natural Disasters of the National Academy of Sciences. She holds a Master of Arts degree from UCLA, was a Fulbright Scholar in Quito, Ecuador, and completed a senior executive program at Harvard University.

Dan Metlay

Dr. Daniel Metlay is a member of the senior professional staff of the U.S. Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board, an independent federal agency set up by Congress to evaluate the technical validity of the Department of Energy's high-level waste and spent nuclear fuel management and disposal program. Prior to joining the Board, he served as a Task Force Director on the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board. Dr. Metlay was also a Research Scientist at Brookhaven National Laboratory. He has taught political science, technology and public policy, and organizational behavior at the University of Indiana in Bloomington and at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He received his Ph.D from the University of California at Berkeley.

Robert E. Moran

Dr. Robert Moran has more than twenty-six years of domestic and international experience in conducting and managing geochemical and hydrogeologic work for private investors, industrial clients, tribal and citizens groups, non-governmental organizations, law firms, and governmental agencies at all levels. Much of his technical expertise involves the water quality and geochemistry of natural and contaminated waters and sediments as related to mining, nuclear fuel cycle sites, industrial development, geothermal resources, hazardous wastes and water supply development. In addition, Dr. Moran has significant experience in the application of remote sensing to natural resource issues, development of resource policy and litigation support. Countries worked in include: Senegal, Guinea, Gambia, Oman, Pakistan, Mexico, Peru, chile, Canada and the United States.

Priscilla Nelson

Dr. Priscilla Nelson is Program Director in the Civil and Mechanical Systems Division and Acting Senior Engineering Coordinator in the Directorate for Engineering at the National Science Foundation. Additionally, she is responsible for cross-disciplinary program developments in "Civil Infrastructure Systems" and "Urban Communities" at NSF. She was formerly Professor in the Department of Civil Engineering at the University of Texas at Austin. She earned Master's degrees in both Geology (Indiana) and Structural Engineering (Oklahoma) and, in 1983, received a PhD from Cornell University in Geotechnical Engineering. Her current research interests lie in the development of a case history-based simulation platform for probabilistic risk analysis and prediction of underground construction project performance.

Dr. Nelson has a national and international reputation in geological and rock engineering, particularly in the application of underground construction. She has over 15 years of teaching experience and more than 100 technical and scientific publications to her credit. Dr. Nelson has also been very active in professional organizations and has served as a member of several National Research Council boards and committees. She is currently a member of the Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board, appointed by President Clinton in 1997.

Joanne M. Nigg

Joanne Nigg is a Professor of Sociology and Co-Director of the Disaster Research Center at the Universityof Delaware, positons she has held since 1990. She received a Ph.D. in Sociology at UCLA in 1979. She served on the National Academy of Sciences' National Research Council Committee on Earthquake Engineering from its inception in 1983 until 1991 as its only social science member. She has testified twice before Congressional committees on earthquake policy issues and has participated in governmental reviews of aspects of NEHRP for FEMA, the Government Accounting Office (GAO), and the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment (OTA). Professor Nigg has been a member of the Scientific Advisory Committee for NCEER since its creation and has served as a member of the Research Utilization Panel for the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) during the past two years. She was elected to the Board of Directors of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI) in 1989, served as the Institute's Vice President in 1991, and President in 1997-98. She is currently a member of the Board on Natural Disasters for the National Research Council.

Since 1975, Professor Nigg has been involved in research on societal response to natural and technological hazards and disasters, with a special emphasis on earthquake threats. In the earthquake area, her research projects have included public understandings of earthquake predictions, forecasts, and threats; public, organizational, and governmental response to earthquake disasters; recovery processes in several communities following federally declared disasters; the factors that facilitate or inhibit the development of earthquake preparedness and mitigation programs and policies by local governments; evaluations of earthquake education programs and efforts; business impacts and recovery from earthquake events; and the utilization of scientific knowledge by local governments for earthquake hazard reduction planning. The results of her research have been published in five books and monographs, 25 journal articles and book chapters, and over 40 technical reports and conference papers. In addition to extensive presentation of papers at academic meetings and international conferences, Professor Nigg has given many invited presentations on the more applied aspects of her work to governmental bodies and professional organizations.

Naomi Oreskes

Naomi Oreskes received her BS with first honors in mining geology in 1981 from the Royal School of Mines, Imperial College and her PhD in 1990 in geology and history of science from Stanford. From 1990-94, Ms. Oreskes worked as a geologist for Western Mining corporation on the evaluation of the Olympic Dam mine. Professor Oreskes has also published extensively on the topic of evidential and methodological standards in the earth sciences and as a consequence, has participated as a consultant to the US Environmental Protection Agency on the use of numerical models in the establishment of regulatory standards for lead. Professor Oreskes has also received numerous grants and awards for her work. She currently teaches history of science in the Department of History and Program in Science Studies at the University of California, San Diego.

Roger A. Pielke, Jr.

Roger Pielke, Jr. is a Scientist II with the Environmental and Societal Impacts Group at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado. With a B.A. in Mathematics and the Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of Colorado, his research focuses on the relationship of scientific information and public- and private-sector decision making. His current areas of research are societal responses to extreme weather events, domestic and international policy responses to climate change, and United States science policy. He currently serves on the American Meteorological Society's Committee on Societal Impacts, the American Society of Civil Engineers Task Committee on Mitigating Hydrological Disasters, and on the U.S. Weather Research Program's Science Steering Committee. He is a co-author (with his father) of Hurricanes: Their Nature and Impact on Society (October 1997) by John Wiley & Sons Press. Roger holds an affiliate professorship at the University of Colorado.

Orrin Pilkey

Orrin Pilkey is a James B. Duke Professor of Geology in the Division of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Nicholas School of the Environment at Duke University. He is a coastal geologist and director of the Program for the Study of Developed Shorelines which focuses on beach nourishment, seawall impacts, and evalaution of mathematical models of beach behavior. Pilkey received the Francis Shepard Medal for Excellence in Marine Geology in 1991 and is an honorary member of the Society for Sedimentary Geology. He has co-edited, authored, or co-authored the 21-volume Living with the Shore series, as well as two 1996 volumes, The Corps and the Shore and Living by the Rules of the Sea.

Steve Rayner

Steve Rayner is a Chief Scientist at Battelle, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, where he led the Global Change Research Group from 1992 to 1996. He is also an adjunct member of the faculty of Virginia Polytechnic Institute. Previously, Dr. Rayner was Deputy Director of the Global Environmental Studies Center at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. He was a Visiting Professor at Cornell University and the University of Tennessee, Visiting Scholar at Columbia University, and Boston University School of Public Health, and Adjunct Faculty at the US Office of Personnel Management's Executive Seminar Center in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. He has received several awards, including the Laboratory Director's Award for Scientific and Engineering Excellence from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, the 25thAnnual Homer N. Calver Award from the Environment Section of the American Public Health Association, and two Martin-Marietta Energy Systems awards for contributions to risk analysis and climate change policy analysis, respectively. He is a Fellow of the Royal Anthropological Institute and the Society for Applied Anthropology, as well as a member of AAAS, Sigma Xi, and several professional associations concerned with science, technology, the environment, and social research. He has testified before the Congress of the United States on the topic of climate change research policy and was lead author or a contributor to various reports to the Congress on climate change policy and implementation. Dr. Rayner has served on a number of national and international bodies concerned with the human dimensions of global change. His current work focuses on the institutional issues associated with environmental decision making, sustainable development, environmental governance and security, and civil society.

Rob Ravenscroft

Rob Ravenscroft is part of a family cattle ranching operation in Cherry County, Nebraska. The cattle operation consists of cows, calves and yearlings, in Sandhills rangeland. He is a member of Nebraska Cattlement, Nebraska Branch of the Center for Holistic Management, Sandhills Task Force, and the Western Governors Association Great Plains Partnership Working Group. He Participated in the US Climate Change Forum in November, 1997.

Daniel Sarewitz

Daniel Sarewitz is a senior research scholar at Columbia University, where he coordinates the Science, Policy, and Outcomes Project. He is the author of Frontiers of Illusion: Science, Technology, and the Politics of Progress, (Temple University Press, 1996), as well as many other articles, speeches, and reports about the relationship between science and social progress. Prior to taking up his current position, he was the first director of the Geological Society of America's Institute for Environmental Education, where he implemented a range of new environmental, policy, and outreach activities for this 15,000 member professional society. From 1989-1993 he worked on Capitol Hill, first as a Congressional Science Fellow, and then as science consultant to the House of Representatives Committee on Science, Space, and Technology. His responsibilities included federal research policy, international scientific cooperation, and science education. Before moving into the policy arena he was an Earth scientist, with research and publications focusing on processes of mountain building and basin formation along active plate boundaries, and field areas in the Philippines, Argentina, and Tadjikistan. He received his Ph.D. in geological sciences from Cornell University in 1986.

William K. Stevens

William K. Stevens is a science news reporter for The New York times, where, since 1988, he has specialized in the coverage of environmental topics, principally the atmospheric sciences, climate change, weather, ecology and conservation biology, along with related policy issues. For 20 years prior to 1988, he served The Times as an education reporter, as a general national correspondent in Detroit, Houston and Philadelphia and as a foreign correspondent in India. He is a 1957 jounalism graduate of West Virginia University, from which he also received a master's degree in political science in 1958.

Thomas R. Stewart

Thomas R. Stewart is Director of the Center for Policy Research, Rockefeller College of Public Affairs and Policy, State University of New York, Albany. He received his Ph.D in psychology from the University of Illinois and was formerly with the Graduate School of Public Affairs and the Center for Research on Judgement and Policy at the University of Colorado and the Environmental and Societal Impacts Group at the National Center for Atmospheric Research. He is a cognitive psychologists who specializes in theoretical, methodological and applied studies of judgment and decision making. His applied research interests focuses on the application of judgement and decision research to problems involving scientific and technical expertise and public policy, including studies of regional air quality policy, visual air quality judgments, weather forecasting judgment and the use of weather forecasts in decision making.

L. Thomas Tobin

Mr. Tobin is a consultant on natural hazards and public policy. He is a graduate of the University of California at Berkeley in civil engineering and has a masters degree in geotechnical engineering from California State University at San Jose. He is a registered professional engineer.

Tom has worked on natural hazards and risk management problems for over 34 years. He served ten years as Executive Director of the California Seismic Safety Commission, where he was instrumental in passing legislation establishing multiple new seismic measures. The Commission also sponsored passage of the California Earthquake Hazard Reduction Act of 1986 and wrote the state's earthquake risk mitigation program known by the name of the publication, California at Risk. In addition to this service, he has worked for the Pacific Gas and Electric Company, the San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development Commission and the California Coastal commission. His experience in earthquake engineering includes the siting and design of industrial, port and transportation facilities, and the safety of dams. He has pursued hazard mitigation through land use regulation and planning and has lobbied for legislation numerous times both at the congressional and state levels.

Dennis Walaker

Dennis Walaker has been providing public works services or working in the field of public works for 36 years. He is Manager of Operations for the City of Fargo, North Dakota. Dennis has received several awards, most recently the National Weather Service's Certification of Commendation (1997), the US Army Corps of Engineers' Recognition of Outstanding Support (1997), recognition for historic preservation from the Fargo Heritage Society (1997), and Outstanding Citizen for Services to its Community (from the March of Dimes, 1997). He is a member of APWA and the Water Environment Federation. He is the father of two daughters.

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