Weather Impacts Resources

1997 Archive


1998 1997 1996
1995 1994 1993
1992 1991 1986-90
    1980-85     Classic Work Resources


Holle, L., Ronald, Raul E. Lopez, Kenneth W. Howard, Kenneth L. Cummins, Mark D. Malone, and E. Philip Krider, 1997: An Isolated Winter Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Flash Causing Damage and Injury in Connecticut. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 78, No. 3. March.

Holle, L., Ronald, Raul E. Lopez, 1997: Lightning Fatalities, Injuries and Damage Reports in the United States, 1959-1994. NOAA Technical Memorandum NWS SR-193.

NOAA/NESDIS/NPOESS/IPO, 1997: COBRA 1997 Update: Executive Summary and Attachment A.

NUNES,L.H. , 1997: Spatio-temporal distribution of rainfall in São Paulo State - variability, trends, processes involved. unpublished PhD thesis (Escola Politécnica - Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

  • The study provides the general characteristics of rainfall variabilityin São Paulo, which is the main developing center of Brazil. A large proportion of the population, industry and farming are concentrate in the State. São Paulo City, the State's capital is presently one of the largest cities in the world. So, it is clear that São Paulo State is heavily dependent on adequate rainfall and is vulnerable to even small rainfall variability. Results showed significant rainfall variability. It was notices a general trend for increasing in precipitation . The highest variability was found for autumn and winter. In these seasons the influence of ENSO in its warm phase (El Niño)was more evident producing an increasing in rainfall volume.

Stewart, T.R., 1997: Forecast value: Descriptive decision studies. In R.W. Katz and A.H. Murphy (Eds.), Economic Value of Weather and Climate Forecasts. Cambridge, UNITED KINGDOM: Cambridge University Press, 147-181.

[ Top of Page ]

Weather Impacts Resources Home Page
Societal Aspects of Weather Home Page | Site Map
Roger Pielke, Jr.'s Home Page
[ Societal Aspects of Weather Home Page - Text Version ]