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PUBLICATIONID : 13953
PUBLICATIONTYPE : 10
TYPE : Editorial Material
TITLE : The neglected heart of science policy: reconciling supply of and demand for science
ORIG_TITLE : The neglected heart of science policy: reconciling supply of and demand for science
AUTHOR : Sarewitz, D and RA Pielke
FIRST_AUTHOR : Sarewitz, D and RA Pielke
AUTHOR_COUNT : 1
ADDRESS : Arizona State Univ, Consortium Sci Policy & Outcomes, Tempe, AZ 85287 USA; Univ Colorado, Ctr Sci & Technol Policy Res, Boulder, CO 80309 USA
PUBLISHER : ELSEVIER SCI LTD
FIRSTAUTHOREMPLOYER : 3
ABBREV_JOURNAL : Environ. Sci. Policy
BEGINPAGE : 5
ENDPAGE : 16
VOLUME : 10
ISSUE : 1
PUBLISH_DATE : FEB
YEAR : 2007
URL : http://sciencepolicy.colorado.edu/admin/publication_files/2007.02.pdf
RESOURCE : WOS:000243981000002
CITATION : 205
DEPT : CSTPR
LAST_UPDATED : 2017-05-24 12:54:16
ISSN : 1462-9011
IDS : 132ZI
DOI : 10.1016/j.envsci.2006.10.001
ABSTRACT : The funding of scientific research is almost always justified in terms of the potential for achieving beneficial societal outcomes. In pursuing a particular societal outcome, how can we know if one research portfolio is better than another? in this paper we conceptualize: (1) science in terms of a "supply" of knowledge and information, (2) societal outcomes in terms of a "demand" function that seeks to apply knowledge and information to achieve specific societal goals, and (3) science policy decision-making as a process aimed at "reconciling" the dynamic relationship between "supply" and "demand." The core of our argument is that "better" science portfolios (that is, portfolios viewed as more likely to advance desired societal outcomes, however defined) would be achieved if science policy decisions reflected knowledge about the supply of science, the demand for science, and the relationship between the two. We provide a general method for pursuing such knowledge, using the specific example of climate change science to illustrate how research on science policy could be organized to support improved decisions about the organization of science itself. (C) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KEYWORDS : decision making; supply and demand; science policy
KEYWORD_PLUS : CHANGE RESEARCH-PROGRAM; INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL; INFECTIOUS-DISEASE; CLIMATE-CHANGE; INFORMATION; HISTORY; MANAGEMENT; BOUNDARY; GENOMICS; CONTEXT
AREA : Environmental Sciences & Ecology
FIRST_AUTHOR_EMAIL : daniel.sarewitz@asu.edu; pielke@colorado.edu
PUBLICATION : ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & POLICY
PLACE : OXFORD
LANGUAGE : English
SERIAL : 13953
PAGES : 5-16
APPROVED : yes
SERIES_VOLUME_NUMERIC : 1
ONLINE_PUBLICATION : no
VERSION : 1
FIRST_AUTHOR_ADDRESS : Sarewitz, D (reprint author), Arizona State Univ, Consortium Sci Policy & Outcomes, POB 874401, Tempe, AZ 85287 USA.
AUTHOR_OTHER_FORM : Sarewitz, Daniel; Pielke, Roger A., Jr.
REFERENCES_NUM : 81
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PUBLISHER_ADDRESS : THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, OXON, ENGLAND
COUNT : 1
RESEARCHID : Blanchet, karl/F-4678-2012
VETTED : 1