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PUBLICATIONID : 14062
PUBLICATIONTYPE : 1
TYPE : Article
TITLE : Precipitation and damaging floods: Trends in the United States, 1932-97
ORIG_TITLE : Precipitation and damaging floods: Trends in the United States, 1932-97
AUTHOR : Pielke, RA and MW Downton
FIRST_AUTHOR : Pielke, RA and MW Downton
AUTHOR_COUNT : 1
ADDRESS : Natl Ctr Atmospher Res, Environm & Societal Impacts Grp, Boulder, CO 80301 USA
PUBLISHER : AMER METEOROLOGICAL SOC
FIRSTAUTHOREMPLOYER : 3
ABBREV_JOURNAL : J. Clim.
BEGINPAGE : 3625
ENDPAGE : 3637
VOLUME : 13
ISSUE : 20
PUBLISH_DATE : 15-Oct
YEAR : 2000
URL : http://sciencepolicy.colorado.edu/admin/publication_files/2000.11.pdf
REFEREED : 1
RESOURCE : WOS:000165062600008
CITATION : 73
DEPT : CSTPR
LAST_UPDATED : 2017-07-07 15:07:50
ISSN : 0894-8755
IDS : 369JR
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<3625:PADFTI>2.0.CO;2
ABSTRACT : The poor relationship between what climatologists, hydrologists, and other physical scientists call hoods, and those floods that actually cause damage to life or property, has limited what can be reliably said about the causes of observed trends in damaging floods. It further limits what can be said about future impacts of floods on society based on predicted changes in the global hydrological cycle. This paper presents a conceptual framework for the systematic assessment of the factors that condition observed trends in flood damage. Using the framework, it assesses the role that variability in precipitation has in damaging flooding in the United States at national and regional levels. Three different measures of flood damage-absolute, per capita, and per unit wealth-each lead to different conclusions about the nature of the flood problem. At a national level, of the 10 precipitation measures examined in this study, the ones most closely related to hood damage are the number of 2-day heavy rainfall events and the number of wet days. Heavy rainfall events are defined relative to a measure of average rainfall in each area, not as absolute thresholds. The study indicates that the growth in recent decades in total damage is related to both climate factors and societal factors: increased damage is associated with increased precipitation and with increasing population and wealth. At the regional level, this study reports a stronger relationship between precipitation measures and hood damage, and indicates that different measures of precipitation are most closely related to damage in different regions. This study suggests that climate plays an important, but by no means determining, role in the growth in damaging floods in the United States in recent decades.
KEYWORD_PLUS : CLIMATE-CHANGE; SECULAR TRENDS; STREAMFLOW; FLUCTUATIONS; FREQUENCY; EXTREMES; POLICY
AREA : Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
FIRST_AUTHOR_EMAIL : rogerp@ucar.edu
PUBLICATION : JOURNAL OF CLIMATE
PLACE : BOSTON
LANGUAGE : English
SERIAL : 14062
PAGES : 3625-3637
APPROVED : yes
SERIES_VOLUME_NUMERIC : 1
ONLINE_PUBLICATION : no
VERSION : 1
FIRST_AUTHOR_ADDRESS : Pielke, RA (reprint author), Natl Ctr Atmospher Res, Environm & Societal Impacts Grp, 3450 Mitchell Lane, Boulder, CO 80301 USA
AUTHOR_OTHER_FORM : Pielke, RA; Downton, MW
REFERENCES_NUM : 48
PUBLISHER_ADDRESS : 45 BEACON ST, BOSTON, MA 02108-3693 USA
COUNT : 1
VETTED : 1