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PUBLICATIONID : 7272
PUBLICATIONTYPE : 1
TYPE : Article
TITLE : Human factors explain the increased losses from weather and climate extremes
ORIG_TITLE : Human factors explain the increased losses from weather and climate extremes
AUTHOR : Changnon, SA, RA Pielke, D Changnon, RT Sylves and R Pulwarty
FIRST_AUTHOR : Changnon, SA, RA Pielke, D Changnon, RT Sylves and R Pulwarty
AUTHOR_COUNT : 1
ADDRESS : Illinois State Water Survey, Atmospher Environm Sect, Champaign, IL 61820 USA; Natl Ctr Atmospher Res, Environm & Societal Impacts Grp, Boulder, CO 80307 USA; No Illinois Univ, Dept Geog, De Kalb, IL 60115 USA; Univ Delaware, Dept Polit Sci, Newark, DE USA; NOAA, Off Global Programs, Silver Springs, MD USA
PUBLISHER : AMER METEOROLOGICAL SOC
FIRSTAUTHOREMPLOYER : 3
ABBREV_JOURNAL : Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc.
BEGINPAGE : 437
ENDPAGE : 442
VOLUME : 81
ISSUE : 3
PUBLISH_DATE : MAR
YEAR : 2000
URL : http://sciencepolicy.colorado.edu/admin/publication_files/2000.02.pdf
REFEREED : 1
RESOURCE : WOS:000086525500004
CITATION : 91
DEPT : CSTPR
LAST_UPDATED : 2017-07-03 13:08:05
ISSN : 0003-0007
IDS : 305EB
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0477(2000)081<0437:HFETIL>2.3.CO;2
ABSTRACT : Societal impacts from weather and climate extremes, and trends in those impacts, are a function of both climate and society. United States losses resulting from weather extremes have grown steadily with time. Insured property losses have trebled since 1960, but deaths from extremes have not grown except for those due to floods and heat waves. Data on losses are difficult to find and must be carefully adjusted before meaningful assessments can be made. Adjustments to historical loss data assembled since the late 1940s shows that most of the upward trends found in financial losses are due to societal shifts leading to ever-growing vulnerability to weather and climate extremes. Geographical locations of the large loss trends establish that population growth and demographic shifts are the major factors behind the increasing losses from weather-climate extremes. Most weather and climate extremes in the United States do not exhibit steady, multidecadal increases found in their loss values. Without major changes in societal responses to weather and climate extremes, it is reasonable to predict ever-increasing losses even without any detrimental climate changes. Recognition of these trends in societal vulnerability to weather-climate extremes suggests that the present focus on mitigating the greenhouse effect should be complemented by a greater emphasis on adaptation. Identifying and understanding this societal vulnerability has great importance for understanding the nation's economy, in guiding governmental policies, and for planning for future mitigative activities including ways for society to adapt to possible effects of a changing climate.
KEYWORD_PLUS : INSURANCE INDUSTRY; UNITED-STATES
AREA : Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
PUBLICATION : BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY
PLACE : BOSTON
LANGUAGE : English
SERIAL : 7272
PAGES : 437-442
APPROVED : yes
SERIES_VOLUME_NUMERIC : 1
ONLINE_PUBLICATION : no
VERSION : 1
FIRST_AUTHOR_ADDRESS : Changnon, SA (reprint author), Illinois State Water Survey, Atmospher Environm Sect, 2204 Griffith Dr, Champaign, IL 61820 USA
AUTHOR_OTHER_FORM : Changnon, SA; Pielke, RA; Changnon, D; Sylves, RT; Pulwarty, R
REFERENCES_NUM : 33
PUBLISHER_ADDRESS : 45 BEACON ST, BOSTON, MA 02108-3693 USA
COUNT : 1
VETTED : 1